What challenges do pedestrians and cyclists face in cities of the developing world? What opportunities do these cities have to provide for walking and cycling? Based on in-depth research conducted in Cape Town (South Africa), Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) and Nairobi (Kenya), this book explores these questions by presenting work on walking and cycling travel behaviour, the status of road safety in these cities, as well as an analysis of the infrastructure for walking and cycling, and the workings of the institutions responsible for planning for these modes. The book also presents case studies relating to particular opportunities and challenges, such as the development and evaluation of ‘walking bus’ interventions, and the opportunities micro-simulation of pedestrian interventions offers within a data-scarce environment.
Non-motorized Transport Integration into Urban Transport Planning in Africa demonstrates that transport and urban planning remains situated in a logic of automobile-dependent transport planning and global city development. This logic of practice does not pay adequate attention to walking and cycling. It argues that a significant shift in both policy as well as political commitment is needed so as to prioritize walking and cycling as strategies for sustainable transport policy in urban Africa.
This book will be a key text for practitioners and policy makers working in planning, transport policy and urban development in Africa, as well as students and scholars of African studies, development studies, urban geography, transport studies and sustainable development.
Table of Contents
1. Challenges and Opportunities for Non-Motorised Transport in Urban Africa
Marianne Vanderschuren, Gail Jennings, Meleckidzedeck Khayesi and Winnie Mitullah
2. Non-motorised transport travel behaviour in Cape Town, Dar es Salam and Nairobi Marianne Vanderschuren and Gail Jennings
3. Pedestrian crossing behaviour in Cape Town and Nairobi
Roger Behrens and George Makajuma
4. Road safety and non-motorised transport in African Cities
Marianne Vanderschuren and Mark Zuidgeest
5. Types of injuries and treatment of pedestrians admitted to a referral hospital in Nairobi city, Kenya
6. Safety of vulnerable road users in urban centres: Kinondoni Municipality, Dar es Salaam
7. Non-motorised transport infrastructure provision in Nairobi
Winnie Mitullah and Romanus Opiyo
8. Non-motorised transport infrastructure assessment in Cape Town
Jennifer Baufeldt and Marianne Vanderschuren
9. Access and mobility: multi-modal approaches to transport infrastructure planning
Edward Beukes, Marianne Vanderschuren and Mark Zuidgeest
10. Implementation and evaluation of walking buses and cycle trains in Cape Town and Dar es Salaam
Hannibal Bwire, Patrick Muchaka, Roger Behrens and Patrick Chacha
11. The use of microscopic simulation modelling techniques to assess and predict road safety through an analysis of road user and infrastructure interaction in Cape Town
12. Effectiveness of institutional and policy framework for walking and cycling provision in Cape Town, Dar-es-Salaam and Nairobi
Winnie Mitullah and Romanus Opiyo
13. When bicycle lanes are not enough: Growing mode share in Cape Town: an analysis of policy and practice
Gail Jennings, Brett Petzer and Ezra Goldman
14. Grounding urban walking and cycling research in a political economy framework
Meleckidzedeck Khayesi, Todd Litman, Eduardo Vasconcellos and Winnie Mitullah
Winnie V. Mitullah is Associate Research Professor of Development Studies based at the Institute for Development Studies, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
Marianne Vanderschuren is Associate Professor at the University of Cape Town, South Africa.
Meleckidzedeck Khayesi is a teacher by profession, conducting research in Human Geography, with a focus on transport and road safety.