Some people have a gender which is neither male nor female and may identify as both male and female at one time, as different genders at different times, as no gender at all, or dispute the very idea of only two genders. The most often heard umbrella terms for such genders are ‘non-binary’ or ‘genderqueer’ genders. This book looks to bring together those currently exploring and researching this non-binary phenomenon.
Gender identities outside of the binary of female and male are increasingly being recognized in social, legal, medical and psychological discourses together with the emerging presence and advocacy of people, who identify as non-binary or genderqueer. Population-based studies show a small percentage – but a sizable proportion in terms of numbers – of people who identify as non-binary. While such genders have always been in existence worldwide, they remain marginalized, and as such at risk of victimization and of minority stress as a result of social non-acceptance and discrimination.
Non-binary and Genderqueer Genders explores these gender identities in relation to health, well-being, and/or other experiences in an effort to contribute to improving clinical standards and continued cultural change towards acceptance for this group of people.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Transgenderism (renamed International Journal of Transgender Health in 2020).
Table of Contents
Introduction: Transforming the paradigm of nonbinary transgender health: A field in transition, Joz Motmans, Timo O. Nieder, and Walter Pierre Bouman
Chapter 1: Non-binary and genderqueer: An overview of the field, Surya Monro
Chapter 2: Breaking down barriers and binaries in trans healthcare: The validation of non-binary people, Ben Vincent
Chapter 3: The terminology of identities between, outside and beyond the gender binary: A systematic review, Nat Thorne, Andrew Kam-Tuck Yip, Walter Pierre Bouman, Ellen Marshall, and Jon Arcelus
Chapter 4: Creating gender: A thematic analysis of genderqueer narratives, Nova J. Bradford, G. Nicole Rider, Jory M. Catalpa, Quinlyn J. Morrow, Dianne R. Berg, Katherine G. Spencer, and Jenifer K. McGuire
Chapter 5: Queer ethics and fostering positive mindsets toward non-binary gender, genderqueer, and gender ambiguity, Lucy Nicholas
Chapter 6: Navigating identity: Experiences of binary and non-binary transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) adults, Chassitty N. Fiani and Heather J. Han
Chapter 7: An exploration of the lived experiences of non-binary individuals who have presented at a gender identity clinic in the United Kingdom, Jessica Taylor, Agnieszka Zalewska, Jennifer Joan Gates, and Guy Millon
Chapter 8: Influences of health care access on resilience building among transgender and gender non-binary individuals, Jessamyn Bowling, Aleta Baldwin, and Phillip W. Schnarrs
Chapter 9: Health disparities between binary and non binary trans people: A community-driven survey, Aisa Burgwal, Natia Gvianishvili, Vierge Hård, Julia Kata, Isidro García Nieto, Cal Orre, Adam Smiley, Jelena Vidíc, and Joz Motmans
Chapter 10: Non-binary and binary transgender youth: Comparison of mental health, self-harm, suicidality, substance use and victimization experiences, Katharine A. Rimes, Nicola Goodship, Greg Ussher, Dan Baker, and Elizabeth West
Chapter 11: A comparison of mental health symptomatology and levels of social support in young treatment seeking transgender individuals who identify as binary and non-binary, Nat Thorne, Gemma L. Witcomb, Timo Nieder, Elena Nixon, Andrew Yip, and Jon Arcelus
Chapter 12: Mental health and quality of life in non-binary transgender adults: A case control study, Bethany A. Jones, Walter Pierre Bouman, Emma Haycraft, and Jon Arcelus
Chapter 13: Gender congruence and body satisfaction in nonbinary transgender people: A case control study, Bethany A. Jones, Walter Pierre Bouman, Emma Haycraft, and Jon Arcelus
Chapter 14: The gender affirmative lifespan approach (GALA): A framework for competent clinical care with nonbinary clients, G. Nic Rider, Jennifer A. Vencill, Dianne R. Berg, Rachel Becker-Warner, Leonardo Candelario-Pérez, and Katherine G. Spencer
Chapter 15: The Genderqueer Identity (GQI) Scale: Measurement and validation of four distinct subscales with trans and LGBQ clinical and community samples in two countries, Jenifer K. McGuire, Titia F. Beek, Jory M. Catalpa, and Thomas D. Steensma
Chapter 16: Predictive validity of the genderqueer identity scale (GQI): Differences between genderqueer, transgender and cisgender sexual minority individuals, Jory M. Catalpa, Jenifer K. McGuire, Jessica N. Fish, G. Nic Rider, Nova Bradford, and Dianne Berg
Chapter 17: “I love you as both and I love you as neither”: Romantic partners’ affirmations of nonbinary trans individuals, M. Paz Galupo, Lex Pulice-Farrow, Zakary A. Clements, and Ezra R. Morris
Chapter 18: Gender neutral pronouns: A modest proposal, Charles Moser and Maura Devereux
Chapter 19: The problematic case of gender-neutral pronouns: A transgender writer’s response to “a modest proposal”, Jamison Green
Chapter 20: The problematic case of gender-neutral pronouns: A clinician’s response to “A Modest Proposal”, James Barrett
Chapter 21: The problematic case of gender-neutral pronouns: A response to “A Modest Proposal”, Lucy Jones and Louise Mullany
Joz Motmans, PhD is Guest Professor of Gender Studies at Gent University, and coordinator of the Transgender Infopunt at the Center for Sexology and Gender at the Gent University Hospital in Belgium. His academic work focuses on the field of transgender health, LGBTI equality, human rights and social movements. He is President-Elect of the European Professional Association for Transgender Health (EPATH).
Timo O. Nieder is Head of the Outpatient Unit for Sexual Health and Transgender Care at the Institute of Sex Research, Sexual Medicine and Forensic Psychiatry and Co-Founder of the Interdisciplinary Transgender Health Care Center Hamburg, both located at University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), Germany. He is licensed psychotherapist, certified sex therapist and ESSM/EFS certified psycho-sexologist (ECPS). He is board member of the European Professional Association for Transgender Health (EPATH).
Walter Pierre Bouman, MD PhD works as consultant in trans health care at the National Centre for Transgender Health in Nottingham, United Kingdom. He is a medical specialist and an accredited sexologist, academic and psychotherapist. His work and practice focus on hormone prescribing and providing psychological support, with a particular interest in the aging population. He is Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Transgender Health and President Elect of the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH).