Nonhuman DNA Typing : Theory and Casework Applications book cover
1st Edition

Nonhuman DNA Typing
Theory and Casework Applications

ISBN 9780429245589
Published August 29, 2007 by CRC Press
248 Pages

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Book Description

The association of a suspect with the victim or crime scene through DNA evidence is one of the most powerful statements of complicity in a crime imaginable. No category of evidence has ever had the complete capacity to convict or exonerate an accused so absolutely in the eyes of the public. With the discriminatory powers of DNA and the variety of DNA markers now in regular use, the one thing keeping a third of all cases unsolved is the lack of human DNA evidence. However, the identification of polymorphic genetic loci in cats, dogs, plants, insects, bacteria, and viruses can provide the critical link between suspect and scene in the absence of human DNA.

Non-Human DNA Typing: Theory and Casework Applications provides an introduction to the basic science underlying the emerging field of non-human DNA typing. It examines the use of non-human DNA evidence not just in homicide cases, but also in drug trafficking, poaching of endangered species, livestock fraud, and missing persons, as well as the identification of primary and secondary crime scenes. The book demonstrates the recognition, collection, and preservation of biological evidence at a crime scene, techniques of DNA fingerprinting, and DNA profiling. Using a wide variety of examples, applications, and case studies, the author describes the STR analysis of canine and feline samples, insects, and fungi, and their role as evidence in forensic science. Chapters consider the development of testing methods for animal evidence, soil DNA typing, and the use of DNA typing in wildlife investigations. A useful appendix includes an overview of the history of forensic serology and DNA.

Combining science, case examples, legal decisions, and references, Non-Human DNA Typing: Theory and Casework Applications presents the forensic and legal applications of non-human DNA evidence for scientists, law enforcement, and attorneys.

Table of Contents

An Introduction to Forensic Science and DNA, H. Miller Coyle

Collection and Preservation of Biological Evidence from the Crime Scene, H.C. Lee

Techniques of DNA Fingerprinting, J. Scheinman

Forensic Canine STR Analysis, B. Berger, C. Eichmann, and W. Parson

STR Based Forensic Analysis of Felid Samples from Domestic and Exotic Cats, M.A. Menotti-Raymond, V.A. David, and S. J. O'Brien

An Overview of Insect Evidence in Forensic Science, H. Miller Coyle

Use of Forensic DNA Typing in Wildlife Investigations, R.M. Jobin

DNA Testing of Animal Evidence - Case Examples and Method Development, E.U. Jiang, W.A. Van Haeringen, L.H.P. Van de Goor, P. Dimsoski and H. Miller Coyle

Basics of Forensic Fungi, K. Said Al Na'imi

Soil DNA Typing in Forensic Science, J. Hill, L. Strausbaugh, and J. Graf

DNA Profiling: The Ability to Predict an Image from a DNA Profile, H. Long

APPENDIX: A Brief History of Forensic Serology and DNA, P. Bilous

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