Noninvasive Instrumentation and Measurement in Medical Diagnosis: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Noninvasive Instrumentation and Measurement in Medical Diagnosis

1st Edition

By Robert B. Northrop

CRC Press

544 pages | 150 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849309618
pub: 2001-09-26
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Description

Noninvasive medical diagnosis (NIMD) is as old as medical practice itself. From the earliest healers' observations of odors, skin color, and breath sounds to today's wealth of technologies, the basics remain the same and keep the role of NIMD essential to effective medical care.

Noninvasive Instrumentation and Measurement in Medical Diagnosis is the first book dedicated to NIMD tools and techniques. Featuring emerging technologies along with traditional instruments, it describes how these non-invasive tools and techniques work and explores developments that will make NIMD simpler, more reliable, less expensive, and risk-free. Much of the material is descriptive, but the author includes rigorous mathematical analysis where appropriate. The treatment is readily accessible to readers with a background in basic algebra and ordinary differential equations, basic circuit theory, and concepts such as frequency response and transient response of linear systems.

The rapid evolution of biomedical instrumentation has meant that books just five years old are already outdated. Whether used for an upper-level, biomedical engineering class or as a reference for medical students, healthcare professional, physicists, or physiologists, Noninvasive Instrumentation and Measurement in Medical Diagnosis stands alone in presenting the state of NIMD art and science.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO NON-INVASIVE MEASUREMENT

Definition of Non-Invasive Measurement, Minimally Invasive Measurements

Modalities of NI Instrumentation

VISUAL INSPECTION OF TISSUES WITH ENDOSCOPES AND OTHER OPTICAL DEVICES

Ophthalmoscopes, Slit Lamps, and Otoscopes

Endoscopes

CCD Cameras

Non-Invasive Diagnosis of Skin Lesions

NON-INVASIVE DIAGNOSIS USING SOUNDS FROM WITHIN THE BODY

Means of Analysis for Acoustic Signals

Heart Sounds

Breath Sounds

Otoacoustic Emissions

MEASUREMENT OF ELECTRICAL POTENTIALS FROM THE BODY SURFACE

Electrodes

Biopotential Amplifiers

The ECG

The Electomyogram (EMG)

The Electroencephalogram (EEG)

OTHER BODY SURFACE POTENTIALS

The Electroculogram (EOG)

The Electroretinogram (ERG)

The Electrocochleogram (EcoG)

Discussion

THE MAGNETOENCEPHALOGRAM (MEG)

The SQUID and SQUID Arrays

Other BioMagnetic Measurements

NON-INVASIVE MEASUREMENT OF BLOOD PRESSURE

The Cuff Sphygmomanometer

Other Means of Estimating Blood Pressure Non-Invasively

BODY TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS

Conductive Heat Transfer and Thermometer Response Time

The LIT Blackbody Thermometer

NON-INVASIVE BLOOD GAS SENSING WITH ELECTRODES

Transcutaneous O2 Sensing

Transcutaneous CO2 Sensing

TESTS ON NATURALLY-VOIDED BODY FLUIDS

Instrumental Methods

What Can Be Learned from Urine

What Can Be Learned from Feces

What Can Be Learned from Saliva

What Can Be Learned from the Breath

PLETHYSMOGRAPH

Volume Displacement Plethysmography

Impedance Plethysmography

Photo-Plethysmography

PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS

Spirometers and Related Equipment

Tests with Spirometers

MEASUREMENT OF BASAL METABOLISM

The BMR Test Procedures

OCULAR TONOMETRY

The No-Touch, Air Puff Tonometer

Contact Tonometers

NI TESTS INVOLVING THE INPUT OF AUDIBLE SOUND ENERGY

Zac Measurements of the Respiratory System (RAIMS)

Zac Measurements of the Eardrum (Tympanometry)

Trans-Thoracic Acoustic Transfer Function: a Possible Measure of Lung Condition

NI TESTS USING ULTRASOUND (Excluding Imaging)

The Doppler Effect

Reflected Doppler Ultrasound for Blood and Tissue Velocity Measurements

A No Touch Ocular Pulse Measurement System (NOTOPM)

The Constant-Phase, Closed-Loop, Type-1, Ranging System

Measurement of Tissue Glucose Concentration by Closed-Loop, Constant-Phase, CW Ultrasound (A Prototype System)

NI APPLICATIONS OF PHOTON RADIATION (EXCLUDING IMAGING)

Bone Densitometry

Non-Invasive Diagnosis by Tissue Fluorescence

Optical Interferometric Measurement of Nanometer Displacements of Biological Surfaces

Laser Doppler Velocimetry

Transcutaneous IR Spectroscopy

Estimation of Blood Glucose for NI Measurement of Optical Rotation of the Aqueous Humor: A Prototype Instrument

Pulse Oximetry

Non-Invasive Measurement of Certain Biomolecules by Raman Spectroscopy

A SURVEY OF MEDICAL IMAGING SYSTEMS

X-Rays

Tomography

Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Single Photon Emission Tomography (SPECT)

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

Ultrasound Imaging

Other Imaging Modalities

FUTURE TRENDS IN NI MEASUREMENTS AND DIAGNOSIS

NI Chemical Tests for Cancer not Involving DNA

Fluorescence Tests for Biomolecules: FISH and SKY

The SpectraCube® System

The DNA Microarray

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND REFERENCES

Each section also includes an introduction and a chapter summary.

About the Series

Biomedical Engineering

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED009000
MEDICAL / Biotechnology
TEC064000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Sensors