Much of what is known about the past often rests upon the chance survival of objects and texts. Nowhere is this better illustrated than in the fragments of medieval manuscripts re-used as bookbindings in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Such fragments provide a tantalizing, yet often problematic glimpse into the manuscript culture of the Middle Ages. Exploring the opportunities and difficulties such documents provide, this volume concentrates on the c. 50,000 fragments of medieval Latin manuscripts stored in archives across the five Nordic countries of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. This large collection of fragments (mostly from liturgical works) provides rich evidence about European Latin book culture, both in general and in specific relation to the far north of Europe, one of the last areas of Europe to be converted to Christianity.
As the essays in this volume reveal, individual and groups of fragments can play a key role in increasing and advancing knowledge about the acquisition and production of medieval books, and in helping to distinguish locally made books from imported ones. Taking an imaginative approach to the source material, the volume goes beyond a strictly medieval context to integrate early modern perspectives that help illuminate the pattern of survival and loss of Latin manuscripts through post-Reformation practices concerning reuse of parchment. In so doing it demonstrates how the use of what might at first appear to be unpromising source material can offer unexpected and rewarding insights into diverse areas of European history and the history of the medieval book.
1. Piecing Together the Past: The Accidental Manuscript Collections of the North
[Tuomas Heikkilä and Åslaug Ommundsen]
2. Reflections on Nordic Latin Fragment Studies Past and Present Together with Three Case Studies
3. The Recycling of Manuscripts in Sixteenth-Century Sweden
4. From Fragments Towards the Big Picture: Reconstructing Medieval Book Culture in Finland
5. The Problem of the Provenance of Medieval Manuscript Fragments in Danish Archives
[Michael H. Gelting]
6. A Norwegian – and European – Jigsaw Puzzle of Manuscript Fragments
7. Latin Fragments Related to Iceland
[Guðvarður Már Gunnlaugsson]
8. Danish Fragments in Norway and their Connections to Twelfth-Century Lund
9. Iceland and Norway: Separate Scribal Cultures versus Cultural Exchange
10. Birgittine Books in the Nordic Fragment Collections