1st Edition

North American Cornucopia Top 100 Indigenous Food Plants

By Ernest Small Copyright 2014
    800 Pages 153 Color Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Many North American plants have characteristics that are especially promising for creating varieties needed to expand food production, and there are excellent prospects of generating new economically competitive crops from these natives. The inadequacy of current crops to meet the food demands of the world’s huge, growing population makes the potential of indigenous North American food plants even more significant. These plants can also generate crops that are more compatible with the ecology of the world, and many also have inherent health benefits.

    Presenting detailed scholarship, a thoroughly accessible style, and numerous entertaining anecdotes, North American Cornucopia: Top 100 Indigenous Food Plants is a full-color book dedicated to the most important 100 native food plants of North America north of Mexico that have achieved commercial success or have substantial market potential. The introductory chapter reviews the historical development of North American indigenous crops and factors bearing on their future economic success. The rest of the book consists of 100 chapters, each dedicated to a particular crop. The book employs a user-friendly chapter format that presents the material in sections offering in-depth coverage of each plant.

    The first section of each chapter provides information on the scientific and English names of the plants, followed by a section on the geography and ecology of the wild forms, accompanied by a map showing the North American distribution. A section entitled "Plant Portrait" comprises a basic description of the plant, its history, and its economic and social importance. This is followed by "Culinary Portrait," concerned with food uses and culinary vocabulary. The chapters then provide an analysis of the economic future of each crop, discuss notable and interesting scientific or technological observations and accomplishments, and present extensive references.

    American Chestnut
    American Ginseng
    American Persimmon
    Anise Hyssop
    Azolla (Mosquito Ferns)
    Black Walnut
    Blackberries and Dewberries
    Blue Honeysuckle
    Blue Waxweed
    Buffalo Gourd
    Cabbage Palmetto
    Cactus Pear
    California Bay
    Canada Garlic
    Cherries: North American Species
    Coast Tarweed
    (American) Cranberry Bush (Highbush Cranberry)
    Devil’s Claw
    Duck Potato
    Dwarf Cape Gooseberry
    Dwarf Glasswort
    Evening Primrose
    Fiddlehead Fern (Ostrich Fern)
    Golden Chia
    Golden Currant
    Groundnut (Apios)
    Hawthorns (Including Mayhaws)
    Hog Peanut
    Jerusalem Artichoke
    Joshua Tree
    Labrador Tea
    Mexican Oregano
    Mountain Mint
    Nettle (Stinging Nettle)
    Nodding Onion
    Northern Gooseberry
    Ogechee Lime
    Oregon Grape
    Paper Birch
    Paradise Tree
    Piñon Pine
    Plums: North American Species
    Prairie Turnip
    Red Mulberry
    Reed (Common)
    Saw Palmetto
    Scotch Lovage
    Scurvy Grass
    Sea Grape
    Squash (Cucurbita pepo Squash)
    Strawberries: North American Species
    Sugar Maple
    Sweet Gale
    Tepary Bean
    Wild Leek (Ramp)
    Wild Rice
    Winter Purslane
    Yerba Buena
    Index of Common Names
    Index of Scientific Names
    Index of Culinary Names


    Dr. Ernest Small received a doctorate in plant evolution from the University of California at Los Angeles in 1969 and has since been employed with the Research Branch of Agriculture and Agri- Food Canada, where he presently holds the status of Principal Research Scientist. He is the author of 13 previous books, five of which received or were nominated for major awards. He has also authored more than 300 scientific publications on plants. Dr. Small’s career has included dozens of appearances as an expert botanical witness in court cases, acting as an adviser to national governments, presenting numerous invited university and professional association lectures, supervising postgraduate students at various universities, participating in international societies and committees, journal editing, and media interviews.

    "… this handsome, scholarly reference describes 100 plants native to North America that have the greatest crop potential. … Written in clear, accessible prose, this book will be useful to both scholars and general readers. Full-color illustrations include maps, drawings, and photos. … Small's unique focus on each plant's potential as a major global crop makes this a singular and valuable work. … Recommended."
    —J. S. Whelan, Harvard Medical School in CHOICE Magazine, June 2014

    "This is large book of 743 pages and will be useful to those interested in edible landscapes, regional cuisine, and Indian lore. The book is well written and interesting and will become a bible among those hardy souls interested in culinary experimentation and the development of new crops"
    Reviewed by Jules Janick, Purdue University, USA

    "Who is this book for? Firstly, if you are a bibliophile who enjoys rich books with well researched information, this book is for you. Academically, Small notes early on that the work is not intended to be a textbook, but rather a complement to students taking economic botany, agriculture and resource management courses. Still, the comprehensive references are useful as a starting point for any literature review of these subjects. For those investigating or curious about developing new crops, this is a book to guide you into what has potential. Wildcrafters and their ilk will of course find utility. If you are a natural history interpreter, this book is a treasure trove of information for public engagement. And, if you are a chef, or even a menuwriter for restaurants with locally grown foods, this should both occupy your bookshelf and be used frequently. It ranks in my top ten of plant reference books …"
    —Daniel Mosquin, Research Manager, UBC Botanical Garden in The Canadian Botanical Association Bulletin

    "In my opinion, anything written by Ernest Small deserves to be read; the man’s scholarship is extraordinary."
    —Neil A. Harriman Univeristy of Wisconsin-Oshkosh in Economic Botany