North Korea - US Relations under Kim Jong II: The Quest for Normalization?, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

North Korea - US Relations under Kim Jong II

The Quest for Normalization?, 1st Edition

By Ramon Pacheco Pardo


162 pages

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Paperback: 9781138200241
pub: 2016-06-01
Hardback: 9780415750394
pub: 2014-05-06
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This book analyses North Korea’s foreign policy towards the United States during the Kim Jong Il era.

Throughout these years, North Korea sought but failed to normalise diplomatic relations with the United States. Making use of theories of bargaining and learning in International Relations, the book explains how the inability of the Kim Jong Il government to correctly understand domestic politics in Washington and developments in East Asian international relations contributed to this failure. As a result, Pyongyang accelerated development of nuclear weapons programme with the aim of strengthening its negotiating position with the US. However, towards the end of the Kim Jong Il government it became unclear whether North Korea is willing to reverse its nuclear programme in exchange for normal diplomatic relations with the United States. The book includes material from over 60 interviews with American, Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Russian policy-makers and experts who have dealt with North Korea. It also analyses in detail Pyongyang’s official media articles published during the Kim Jong Il era.

This work will be of great interest to students and scholars of US Foreign Policy, Korean Politics and International Relations alike.


"This theoretically informed book by Pacheco Pardo (King's College London) provides insight into North Korea's policy toward the US since the 1970s. This is a thoughtful, informative, well-designed study and should interest anyone wishing to learn about North Korea-US relations and Northeast Asian security.Summing Up: Recommended. All readership levels."

--Z. Zhu, Bucknell University, CHOICE February 2015

"Ramon Pacheco Pardo’s new book is to be welcomed. It wins on many counts. It is clear, informed, succinct and, above all, dispassionate."

- J. E. Hoare, SOAS University of London, International Affairs

"Nevertheless, the book undoubtedly makes an important contribution to the literature on North Korea-US relations. Pardo’s utilization of organizational learning theory offers a unique analytical lens through which to understand Pyongyang’s foreign policy making with regard to the United States. Significantly, the book has helped to shed light on the considerations of North Korea in its bargaining with the United States. The book’s rich content and the insights it provides into the North Korean and American decision-making processes makes it valuable to anyone seeking to understand the drivers in North Korea-US relations during Kim Jong Il’s leadership."

- Sarah Teo, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Table of Contents

1. Introduction, 2. North Korea and the Clinton administration, 3. Pre-nuclear North Korea and the Bush administration, 4. Post-nuclear North Korea and the Bush administration, 5. Nuclear North Korea and the Obama administration, 6. Conclusions

About the Author

Ramon Pacheco Pardo is a Lecturer in the Department of European & International Studies at King’s College London. His research interests include East Asia’s international relations and political economy.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in US Foreign Policy

This new series sets out to publish high quality works by leading and emerging scholars critically engaging with United States Foreign Policy. The series welcomes a variety of approaches to the subject and draws on scholarship from international relations, security studies, international political economy, foreign policy analysis and contemporary international history.

Subjects covered include the role of administrations and institutions, the media, think tanks, ideologues and intellectuals, elites, transnational corporations, public opinion, and pressure groups in shaping foreign policy, US relations with individual nations, with global regions and global institutions and America’s evolving strategic and military policies.

The series aims to provide a range of books – from individual research monographs and edited collections to textbooks and supplemental reading for scholars, researchers, policy analysts, and students.

Learn more…

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