Not Only the Poor: The Middle Classes and the Welfare State, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Not Only the Poor

The Middle Classes and the Welfare State, 1st Edition

Edited by Robert E Goodin, Julian Le Grand


262 pages

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pub: 2018-07-12
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Originally published in 1987 Not Only the Poor explores the self-interested involvement of the non-poor in the welfare state, particularly the middle class. Using evidence from Britain, America, and Australia, they show that the non-poor were crucial in the founding of the welfare state, and in all three countries the non-poor benefit extensively from key welfare programmes, including those ostensibly targeted on the poor. Goodin and Le Grand conclude that the beneficial involvement of the non-poor in the welfare state is probably inevitable, but this may be no bad thing, depending on the alternative and on the nature of the egalitarian ideal adopted.

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures


Part I: Background

1. Introduction, Robert E. Goodin and Julian Le Grand

2. Measuring the Distributional Impact of the Welfare State: Methodological Issues, Julian Le Grand

Part II: The Origins of the Welfare State

3. Risk Sharing and Social Justice: The Motivational Foundations of the Post-War Welfare State, Robert E. Goodin and John Dryzek

Part III: The Operation of the Welfare State

4. US Anti-Poverty Policy and the Non-Poor: Some Estimates and their Implications, Robert H. Haveman

5. The Middle-Class Use of the British Social Services, Julian Le Grand

6. Creeping Universalism in the Australian Welfare State, Robert E. Goodin and Julian Le Grand

7. Distributional Biases in Social Service Delivery Systems, Robert E. Goodin, Julian Le Grand and D.M. Gibson

Part IV: The Challenge to the Welfare State

8. The Middle Classes and the Defence of the British Welfare State, Julian Le Grand and David Winter

9. The Expansion and Contraction of the American Welfare State, Russell L. Hanson

Part V: Conclusion

10. Not Only the Poor, Robert E. Goodin and Julian Le Grand

About the Author



About the Series

Routledge Library Editions: Welfare and the State

The volumes in this set, originally published between 1940 and 1994, draw together research by leading academics in the area of welfare and the state, and provide a rigorous examination of related key issues. The volume examines the concepts of welfare in relation to the state through the areas of policy making, social administration, class division and social inequality, social policy and privatization, whilst also exploring the general principles and practices of the welfare state in various countries. This set will be of particular interest to students of sociology, politics, economics, social work respectively.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / General