In the early 1980s there had been an upsurge of public concern over the nuclear threat to Europe. Already saturated with nuclear weapons, Europe faced controversial new deployments and there was alarm over military strategies for nuclear war in the region. It is in this context that the idea of nuclear weapon-free zones had captured the popular imagination and became a political issue in Europe. Not only would such zones build confidence and raise the nuclear threshold, but they would be first steps towards a more comprehensive elimination of nuclear weapons.
Originally published in 1983 Nuclear Disengagement in Europe probes the question of nuclear weapon-free zones in the region. Pugwash and SIPRI arranged a meeting at which an international team of lawyers, scientists, politicians and military experts gave background information and provided an appraisal of problems regarding the zone initiatives as well as benefits that would accrue. Possible elements in a European zone arrangement were elaborated on and procedures towards the establishment of such a zone were suggested.
Table of Contents
Preface. Abstract. Part 1: Nuclear Disengagement Nuclear Disengagement S. Lodgaard Part 2: Proposals for Nuclear Disengagement in Europe 1. Nuclear Disengagement Efforts 1955-80: Politics of Status Quo or Political Change? M. Saeter 2. A Central European View on a Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone in the North J. Wiejacz 3. European Security Policy in the 1980s: Rethinking Western Strategy W. Schütze 4. A Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone in the Balkans N. Behar and I. Nedev 5. Disengagement and Nuclear Weapon-Free Zones: Raising the Nuclear Threshold S. Lodgaard and P. Berg Part 3: A Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone in the North: The Military Context 6. The Northern Seas in Soviet and US Strategy S. Miller 7. The Barents and Arctic Seas in Power Calculations: Implications for Norway and the Nordic Countries C. Jacobsen 8. The Geostrategic Framework for a Nordic NWFZ and the Political-Military Consequences B. Hugemark Part 4: Elements of a Nordic Zone 9. The Establishment of Nuclear Weapon-Free Zones in Europe: Proposal on a Treaty Text J. Evensen 10. A Nordic Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone: Model and Procedure J. Prawitz 11. Possible Rules Regulating the Transit of Nuclear Weapons Inside and their Deployment Outside a Nordic NWFZ K. Törnudd 12. Technical Feasibility of the Detection of Nuclear Weapons A. Gsponer 13. Non-Use of Nuclear Weapons and NWFZs A. Rosas Part 5: Procedure 14. Comments on a Draft Declaration A. Rosas 15. How to Proceed Towards a Nordic Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone R. Ekéus 16. A Flexible Approach to a Nordic NWFZ F. Calogero 17. The NWFZ as a Popular Move: Informed, Rational and Imaginative Politics M. Thee. Index.
Sverre Lodgaard, Marek Thee
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
SIPRI is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. Established in 1966, SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public. Based in Stockholm, SIPRI is regularly ranked among the most respected think tanks worldwide.