Nuclear Geochemistry discusses the differentiation of genesis radionuclides including cosmogenic, antropogenic, and initial natural radionuclides. The book focuses on geochemistry of the radionuclides and their use in tracing geological processes such as crust-mantle interaction, exogenic processes, natural and antropogenic radiation environment, the nuclear environment, geochronology, thermal regime of the earth, rock mineral and mineral deposits genesis, and the radiometric prospecting mineral deposits. The book will benefit geochemists, geologists, and ecologists.
Preface. Introduction. Elements of Physical Properties of Radionuclides. Elements of Chemical Properties of the Radionuclides. The Long-Living Initial Radionuclides. Geochemistry and Distribution of Uranium and Thorium. Isotopic-Geochemical Methods Using Long-Living Radionuclides and Their Stable Decay Products. Radionuclides of Radioactives Series. Disequilibrium Methods. Radiogenic Heat and Thermal Region of the Earth. The Radionuclides are Produced by Natural Nuclear Reactions. Antropogenic Radionuclides. The Nuclear Transformation of Natural Environment. The Analytical Methods of Radionuclides. The Application of Field Radiometric Methods. Appendices.