This book provides an important review of the present state and possible future development of high-level nuclear waste disposals. The author discusses the structure, thermal history, and dynamics of the earth's crust, explaining their importance in nuclear safety. The author presents critical reviews of disposal methods and proposes an original method for high-level nuclear waste disposal that involves placing capsules with nuclear waste into deep boreholes filled with sulfur. The behavior of such a complex system is analyzed, considering such aspects as thermodynamics, hydrodynamics, possible chemical and mineralogical reactions, radionuclides diffusion, and mass transfer. The book takes a physical approach to nuclear waste disposal making it different from other books that take a geological viewpoint. A diskette included with the book provides modeling executive programs and Pascal computer codes that will be valuable for developing an in-depth understanding of calculations.
Introduction. Origin and Decay of Nuclear Waste. Disposals: Concepts and Options. Physical Estimates. The Earth's Crust. Rocks as a Very Viscous Liquid. Impacts and Quakes. NEWDEEDS Concept. References.