Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models

1st Edition

Edited by Helen W. Lane, Dale A. Schoeller

CRC Press

328 pages

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Hardback: 9780849385674
pub: 1999-12-20
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Description

Tens of thousands of miles above Earth's atmosphere, orbiting this planet like pieces from a child's giant erector set, NASA's massive International Space Station slowly takes shape. When completed, as many as 16 countries will provide crew members for this orbiting international community.

But while this will not be the first extended stay of humans in space-Skylab, Mir Space Station, and Shuttle-Mir missions all involved extended-stay periods-it will give birth to some new questions about one of space exploration's biggest concerns: providing adequate nutrition essential to good physical and mental health in space.

Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models consolidates nutritional observations from 38 years of human spaceflight. It is a compilation of nutritional knowledge and accomplishments from the early 1970's to the recent Shuttle-MIR program. It provides basic nutritional concepts, as well as broad coverage, of the effect of space and weightlessness on nutrition status and physiology.

Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models addresses the utility of ground-based weightlessness simulations; the role of electrolytes, calcium, protein, iron, and micronutrients in optimal nutrition; and energy utilization by space crews. The book also explores regenerative life-support and food systems for space and planetary missions; the results of basic research in metabolism that illustrate the physiological changes that occur during spaceflight; new concepts and recommendations for astronaut nutrition in future spaceflights; and, the lab capabilities of the International Space Station.

Reviews

"The often-fascinating text will be a valuable resource for researchers, dietitians who care for bedridden patients, and others interested in exploring 'the last frontier' with the focus on nutrition."

- in Journal of The American Dietetic Association

Table of Contents

Overview: History of Nutrition and Spaceflight

Food Systems for Space and Planetary Flights

Bioregenerative Life Support and Nutritional Implications for Planetary Exploration

Utility of Ground-Based Simulations of Weightlessness

Energy Utilization and Exercise in Spaceflight

Fluid and Electrolyte Homeostasis

Protein and Muscle Homeostasis: The Role of Nutrition

Calcium and Related Nutrients in Bone Metabolism

Iron Metabolism and the Changes in Red Blood Cell Metabolism

Micronutrients: Trace Elements and B Vitamins

Antioxidants: Radiation and Stress

Nutritional Recommendations for Spaceflight

Nutrition Research for the Future of Spaceflight

Appendix A-Instruments Available for Research Aboard International Space Station

Appendix B-Daily Nutritional Recommendations for International Space Station Missions Up to 360 Days

Appendix C-Normative Blood and Urine Values Found During Spaceflight

Appendix D-Sample of Menus for International Space Station

About the Series

Modern Nutrition

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED060000
MEDICAL / Nutrition
TEC012000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Food Science