200 pages | 1 B/W Illus.
Combining the insights of a seasoned practitioner with the academic rigor of a meticulous policy and risk analyst, del Castillo discusses the major obstacles to peacebuilding that need to be removed before war-torn countries can move towards peace, stability, and prosperity. As Secretary-General António Guterres assumes leadership in January 2017, a top priority must be to address the bleak peacebuilding record where over half of the countries under UN watch relapse back into conflict within a decade.
While policy debate and the academic literature have focused on the security, political, and social aspects of the war-to-peace transition, this book focuses on "the economic transition"—that is, "economic reconstruction" or "the political economy of peace"—which, in the author’s view, is the much-neglected aspect of peacebuilding. The book argues that rebuilding war-torn states effectively has acquired a new sense of urgency since extremist groups increasingly recruit people by providing jobs and services to those deprived of them due to government and economic failures.
Based on past lessons and best practices of the last quarter of a century, the author makes recommendations to move forward and improve the record. It will be of great use to students and scholars of peacebuilding, as well as policymakers in national governments, donor countries and international organizations involved in peacebuilding, statebuilding, and development.
"Graciana del Castillo's books have demonstrated that peace is far too difficult to leave to the generals, diplomats, peacekeepers, lawyers and political scientists. She shows that sustainable peace without economic transformation is close to impossible. This volume advances that important body of work, drawing crucial distinctions among the phases of economic transformation and proposing novel solutions to the persistent failure of the international community to play its proper role in the design and implementation of the political economy of peace." - Michael Doyle, University Professor, Columbia University and author of "The Question of Intervention" (Yale, 2015)
"Peacebuilding is much lionized, but rarely lives up to expectations. This is doubly puzzling as the UN has been engaged in peacebuilding for several decades. This excellent, admirably compact volume explains the need for active UN peacebuilding and the multiple challenges it faces. Graciana del Castillo is an economically literate, politically acute analyst committed above all to positive results on the ground. She is uniquely qualified to decode the objectives and challenges involved having been a lead actor in peacebuilding." - Dr. David M. Malone, Rector of the United Nations University and Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations
"Accessible and unencumbered by jargon, Obstacles to Peacebuilding is an authoritative, hard-hitting and unvarnished assessment of the UN’s underwhelming record when it comes to helping countries recover from war and protracted conflict. It is an excellent and timely study, covering a broad canvas of cases and pregnant with policy implications. Of interest to practitioners, scholars and students alike, this is a contribution to the literature that deserves a very wide readership." - Mats Berdal, Professor of Security and Development, King’s College London and author of "Building Peace After War" (Routledge, 2009)
"Much has been learned about building peace, stability and prosperity in countries undergoing security and political reform, national reconciliation, and economic reconstruction. With her critical eye, Graciana del Castillo pulls it all together in this tightly written, insightful and compelling book." - Ambassador Enrique ter Horst, former SRSG in El Salvador and Haiti and Assistant Secretary-General in the Office of the Director-General for Development and International Economic Cooperation
Foreword by Alvaro de Soto
1 Peacebuilding: Conceptual Framework—From An Agenda for Peace and its Supplement to An Agenda for Development
2 Economic reconstruction amid the multidisciplinary transition to peace
3 The economics of war, the economics of conflict resolution, the economics of peace, the economics of development
4 Economic reconstruction vs development: Evolving conceptual views
5 Peacebuilding at the UN—From conceptualization to operationalization
6 The peacebuilding record, lessons, and challenges
7 Specific economic issues affecting peacebuilding in selected countries
8 Policymaking premises for effective economic reconstruction
9 Moving forward: Thinking outside the box
The "Global Institutions Series" is edited by Thomas G. Weiss (The CUNY Graduate Center, New York, USA) and Rorden Wilkinson (University of Sussex, UK).
The Series has two "streams" identified by their covers:
Together these streams provide a coherent and complementary portrait of the problems, prospects, and possibilities confronting global institutions today.