Occupational Health and Safety Management: A Practical Approach, Third Edition, 3rd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Occupational Health and Safety Management

A Practical Approach, Third Edition, 3rd Edition

By Charles D. Reese

CRC Press

608 pages | 103 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Paperback: 9781138749573
pub: 2017-07-26
Hardback: 9781482231335
pub: 2015-07-06
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pub: 2018-10-08
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Reflecting changes in the current health and safety landscape, Occupational Health and Safety Management: A Practical Approach, Third Edition includes examples and tools to facilitate development and implementation of a safety and health management approach. This how-to book is not just an information providing text. It shows you how to write a program and identify hazards as well as involve workers and attain their cooperation. It emphasizes the need for better and more effective communication regarding safety and health.

See What’s New in the Third Edition:

  • Chapters on workers’ compensation, terrorism, and Lean safety/sustainability
  • Additional coverage of flammable liquids and ventilation, accident reporting, and accident investigation
  • New compliance requirements as well as expanded accident investigation, environmental, and risk analysis guidelines
  • PowerPoint presentation slides for each chapter

A complete and practical guide for the development and management of occupational safety and health programs in any industry setting, the book supplies a management blueprint that can be used for occupational safety and health in any organization, from the smallest to the largest, beginning to develop or wanting to improve its safety and health approach. It includes comprehensive guidelines for development of occupational health and safety programs to a variety of industries and is especially useful for start-up companies.

The author takes a total management approach to the development of written programs, the identification of hazards, the mitigation of hazards by the use of common safety and health tools, the development of a safe workforce through communications, motivational techniques, involvement, and training. He addresses the tracking and acceptable risk from both safety and health hazards. He also discusses how to work with and within the OSHA compliance approach as well as how to deal with the OSHA regulations, workers’ compensation, terrorism, and Lean safety. As you understand and apply the guidelines in each chapter, you can put your company on the way toward building a successful and effective safety and health effort for its employers and employees.


"This 3rd Edition of Charles Reece’s Occupational Health and Safety Management is a must buy for any one seriously interested in all the issues and solutions to occupational safety and health. It is the bible of the field, keeping us all up-to-date with the challenges of maintaining health, wellbeing and safety in the workplace."

—Professor Sir Cary Cooper, Lancaster University Management School, UK

"… the perfect text for introducing students to the principles and practice of safety management. … straight forward and easy to read. … All of the critical issues involved in implementing occupational safety and health programs are outlined in a systematic approach designed to help safety professionals effectively manage people, technology, and the work environment to reduce injuries and protect employees."

—Steven A. Freeman, Iowa State University

"Dr. Reese has done it again! … All of the topics included in this text are required reading. … I heartily endorse the Reese textbook for efficiently and effectively introducing new safety majors to their realm.

—Dr. Richard T. Braley, Occupational Safety and Health Department, Southeastern Oklahoma State University

"Dr Reese has provided a good summary of the many different topics that a student of health and safety must be familiar. The text makes each topic understandable and emphasizes the important elements. But the text is also written for a practicing health and safety manager who can use the questions provided in each chapter to quickly evaluate their own program. … A student or a practicing professional, should have this text at the top of the stack."

—Bill Thomas, CIH, University of Findlay

"… accurate and well researched. The material is a very good update to the previous two editions from Mr. Reese particularly the new section on terrorism. It is timely and more important, "New".

—Louis K. Flores, Faculty at Edmonds/Pierce Community College

Table of Contents

In the Beginning: Introduction



True Bottom Line



Making a Commitment: Management’s Commitment and Involvement

Management’s Commitment and Involvement

Roles and Responsibilities



Management Accountability

Supervisory Accountability


Being a Part: Workforce Involvement


Joint Labor/Management Safety and Health Committees

Policy Establishing Joint Committees


Put It in Writing: A Written Safety and Health Program

Reasons for a Comprehensive Safety Program

Building a Safety and Health Program

Other Required Written Programs

Requirements and Elements of OSHA Guidelines for a Safety and Health Program

National Safety Council’s Elements of a Safety and Health Program

Emergency and Medical Planning

First Aid and Medical Availability

Emergency Procedures and Response


Getting Safe Performance: Motivating Safety and Health

Setting the Stage

Defining Motivation

Principles of Motivation

Motivational Environment


Needs Move Mountains and People

Motivational Leadership

Effects of Other Factors



How They Act: Behavior-Based Safety

Behavior-Based Safety

Heinrich’s Domino Concept

Behavior-Based Safety Today

Hindrances to Implementing BBS



New Approaches: Lean Safety and Sustainability

Benefits of Lean Approach

Challenges of Lean Safety

Changing Culture

Learning and Training

Lean Techniques and Tools

Standard Safety Tools




Search for the Culprits: Hazard Identification

Hazard Identification

Accident Types

Hazard Reporting System

Workplace Inspections or Audits

Accident Investigations


Taking a Serious Look: Analyzing Hazards

Hazard Analysis

Root Cause Analysis

Change Analysis

Job Hazard Analysis

Analyzing Accident Data

Risk versus Cost


Hurting: Occupational Injuries

Bureau of Labor Statistics

Occupational Trauma Deaths

Occupational Injuries

Injury and Death Cost


Sick: Occupational Illnesses

Identifying Health Hazards

Temperature Extremes

Ionizing Radiation

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

Nonionizing Radiation


Health Hazards

Hazardous Chemicals

Biological Monitoring

Flammable and Combustible Liquids

Hazard Communications Standard


Bent Too Far: Ergonomics


Extent of the Problem

Developing an Ergonomic Program

Ergonomic Risk Factors

Physical Work Activities and Conditions

Limits of Exposure

Ergonomic Controls

Tracking Progress

Proactive Ergonomics

Education and Training


Addressing Illnesses: Industrial Hygiene

Introduction to Occupational Illness Prevention

Industrial Hygienist

Environmental Factors or Stressors

Modes of Entry for Contaminants

Types of Air Contaminants

Exposure Monitoring

Units of Concentration

Exposure Guidelines

When You Need an Industrial Hygienist


Taking Action: Intervention, Controls, and Prevention

Hazard Prevention and Controls

Elimination or Substitution

Engineering Controls

Awareness Devices

Work Practices

Administrative Controls

Personal Protective Equipment

Ranking Hazard Controls

Other Tools That Can Be Used for Hazard Control

Hazard Control Summary


Using the Tools: Accident Prevention Techniques

Safety and Health Audits

Safety Talks and Meetings

Accident Investigations

Job Hazard Analysis

Safe Operating Procedures

Job Safety Observation

Fleet Safety Program

Preventive Maintenance Program

Special Emphasis Program

Using Safety and Health Consultants


Who Knows What: Safety and Health Training

Training and Education

When to Train

OSHA Training Model

Education/Training and Technology

Training New Hires

Training Managers

Training Supervisors

Training Employees



Guiding Light: OSHA Compliance

OSHA Standards

Protections under the OSHAct

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission

Employer Responsibilities under the OSHAct

Workers’ Rights and Responsibilities under the OSHAct

Discrimination against Workers

Right to Information

Aßuring a Safe and Healthy Workplace

Workers’ Complaints

OSHA Inspections

Workers’ Complaints and Requests for Inspections

Citations, Penalties, and Other Enforcement Measures

Common Issued Violations Found by OSHA

Most Frequent Violations Cited by OSHA for All Industries

State OSHA Plans

Worker Training

Occupational Injuries and Illneßes

Medical and Exposure Records


What to Do When OSHA Comes Knocking

Multiemployer Worksites



Golden Rules: OSHA Regulations

Federal Laws


Content of the OSHAct

Regulatory Process

Federal Register

Code of Federal Regulations

Regulation Paragraph Numbering System


A Helping Hand: Workers’ Compensation

Employer Liability

Exclusive Remedy

Covered Events

Selecting a Physician


Survivor Benefits



Second Injury Funds

Risk and Insurance

Loss Control

Injury Management Programs



All Around: Workplace Environmental Issues

Industry Today

Introduction to Laws and Regulations

Industry's Dilemma

Describing the Major Issues Faced

Major Environmental Laws

Further Planning and Action


Keep Me Safe: Workplace Security and Violence

Workplace Violence Statistics

Risk Factors

Prevention Strategies

Cost of Violence

Prevention Efforts

Program Development and Essential Elements

Types of Workplace Violence Events



Mean Ones: Workplace Bullying




External Forces: Terrorism

Travel Security

Suggested Antiterrorism Security Measures

Potential Terrorist’s Weapons



Let Us Find a Way: Safety Communications

The Communicator

Safety Culture

Communication Tools



Everything Costs Dollars: Budgeting for Safety and Health

Budget Items

Budget Approach

Compliance Factor

Written Budget

Controlling Cost



All’s Well That Ends Well: Summary

Ethics of the Occupational Safety and Health Profession

Principles of Management Today

Taking Another Look

Five Principles for Safety and Health

Supervisor’s 10 Commandments of Safety and Health

Ten Commandments of Safety and Health for Your Workforce


A: Emergency Action Plan--Fire Evacuation

Emergency Telephone Numbers

B: Written Safety and Health Program

Management’s Commitment

Aßigning Responsibility

Safety and Health Policy Statement

Company Safety Goals and Objectives

Safety Enforcement Policy

Management Officials



Competent/Qualified Persons

Monthly Project or Production Safety Meeting

New-Hire Safety Orientation

Supervisor Training

Safety Bulletin Board

Safety Talks

OSHA Records

Medical/Exposure Records

Training Records

First-Aid Supplies

Medical Services

Worksite First-Aid Log

Emergency Procedures


Hazard Identification Tool


Machines and Equipment

Hand Tools

Confined Spaces

Elevated Work Areas

Welding and Cutting

Toxic or Hazardous Chemicals


Radioactive Materials

Nonionizing Radiation






Other Hazards



Temperature Extremes

More Hazards



Other Systems

Safety and Health Audit Instrument


E: Sample and Blank Material Safety Data Sheets

F: Ergonomics Solution Chart

G: OSHA Safety and Health Training Requirements

General Industry Training Requirements (29 CFR Part 1910)

Shipyard Employment Training Requirements (29 CFR Part 1915)

Marine Terminal Training Requirements (29 CFR Part 1917)

Longshoring Training Requirements (29 CFR Part 1918)

Construction Industry Training Requirements (29 CFR Part 1926)

Agriculture Training Requirements (29 CFR 1938)

Federal Employee Training Requirements (29 CFR Part 1960)

H: OSHA Offices

Regional Offices

State Plan Offices

50 Most Cited Violations by Major Industrial Groups

Division A: Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing (1-9)

Division B: Mining

Division C: Construction (SIC 15-17)

Division D: Manufacturing (SIC 20-39)

Division E: Transportation, Communications, Electric, Gas, and Sanitary Services (SIC 40-49)

Division F: Wholesale Trade (SIC 50-51)

Division G: Retail Trade (SIC 52-59)

Division H: Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate (SIC 60-67)

Division I: Services (SIC 70-80)

Division J: Public Administration (SIC 91-99)

J: Summary of 29 CFR

Occupational Safety and Health Standards for the General Industry

K: CFR Titles

Most Common Air Pollutants and Toxic Chemicals

Ozone (Ground-Level Ozone Is the Principal Component of Smog)

VOCs: Smog Formers

Carbon Monoxide

Particulate Matter (PM-10) (Dust, Smoke, Soot)

Sulfur Dioxide


Toxic Chemicals

Workplace Security Program




Hazard Aßeßment

Incident Investigations

Hazard Correction

Training and Instruction

N: Occupational Safety and Health Resources

Accident/Hazard Analysis

Accident Investigation

Accident Prevention

Construction Safety and Health




Fleet Safety

Hazard Identification

Health Hazards

Industrial Hygiene

Job Hazard Analysis

Job Safety Observation

Lean Safety

Office Safety and Health

OSHA Compliance

Psychology of Safety


Safety Hazards

Safety and Health Hazards

Safety and Health Management

Service Industry Safety and Health

System Safety


Workplace Violence

Profeßional Organizations and Agencies

Health and Environmental Assistance

Safety and Engineering Consensus Standards

Professional Safety Organizations

Specialty Associations (with Specific Expertise)

Federal Government Sources

Electronic Sources (Internet)

About the Author

For 35 years, Dr. Charles D. Reese has been involved with occupational safety and health as an educator, manager, or consultant. In his early beginnings in occupational safety and health, he held the position of industrial hygienist at the National Mine Health and Safety Academy. He later assumed the responsibility of manager for the nation’s occupational trauma research initiative at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health’s (NIOSH) Division of Safety Research. Dr. Reese has had an integral part in trying to ensure that workplace safety and health is provided for all those within the workplace. As the managing director for the Laborers’ Health and Safety Fund of North America, his responsibilities were aimed at protecting the 650,000 members of the laborers’ union in the United States and Canada.

Dr. Reese has developed many occupational safety and health training programs, which run the gamut from radioactive waste remediation to confined space entry. He has written numerous articles, pamphlets, and books on related safety and health issues. Dr. Reese, Professor Emeritus, was a member of the graduate and undergraduate faculty at the University of Connecticut, where he taught courses on OSHA regulations, safety and health management, accident prevention techniques, industrial hygiene, ergonomics, and environmental trends and issues. As professor of environmental/occupational safety and health, he coordinated the bulk of the environmental, safety, and health efforts at the University of Connecticut. He is called upon to consult with the industry on safety and health issues and is often asked for expert consultation in legal cases.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / Environmental
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety