On the Edge of Empires North Mesopotamia During the Roman Period (2nd – 4th c. CE)
On the Edge of Empires explores the mixed culture of North Mesopotamia in the Roman period. This volatile region at the eastern edge of the Roman world became during the imperial period the theater of confrontation for multiple political entities: Rome, Parthia, Sasanian Persia. Roman presence is only recognizable through military installations – forts, barracks, military camps – yet these fascinating lands tell a story of frontier people and soldiers, of trade despite war, and daily life between the Empires. This volume combines archaeological and historical, literary and environmental evidence in order to explore this important borderland between east and west.
On the Edge of Empires is a valuable addition to researchers engaged in the historical and archaeological reconstruction of the frontier areas of the Roman Empire, and a fascinating study for students and scholars of the Romans and their neighbours, borderlands in antiquity, and the history and archaeology of empires.
List of figures
Rome shifts Eastwards: Empires, Hegemony, and Frontiers
From the Anatolian Plateau to the Steppe: Geography and Climate of North Mesopotamia
From Trajan to Jovian: Conquest, Organisation and Loss of a Borderland
Empires and the Cities: Urban Areas and Rural Landscapes
Minor Settlements, Forts, and Camps: Exploring the Roman Frontier in the Syrian-Iraqi Steppe
Imperial Impact on a Small Scale: The Site of Tell Barri between the 2nd and 4th c. CE
Landscape(s) and the Empires: Survey Data for Roman Period Mesopotamia
Mobility, Strategy, and the Empires: The Peutinger Map and the Route System in North Mesopotamia
Across the Edges: Arabs and Nomads in Roman Period Mesopotamia
Rome and the Steppe: Conclusions
"Palermo offers a clear and useful narrative of the material history of the region, as well as a guide to productive venues for future work... [T]he material he has gathered provides, for the first time, clarity about what remains to be done in order to develop our understanding of North Mesopotamia. His interpretation of the archaeological material is measured and careful, and he does not shy away from ambiguity. Rather, he presents the Roman presence in the region, especially, as an influence that waxed and waned depending on historical circumstances—one among many in a region that was buffeted between imperial powers, preserving and adapting its identity over time." - Studies in Late Antiquity