Online GIS and Spatial Metadata: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Online GIS and Spatial Metadata

2nd Edition

By Terry Bossomaier, Brian A. Hope

CRC Press

414 pages | 69 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781482220155
pub: 2015-12-18
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Implement Your Own Applications Using Online GIS

An in-depth study detailing the online applications of geographic information systems (GIS), Online GIS and Spatial Metadata, Second Edition outlines how GIS data are published, organized, accessed, searched, maintained, purchased, and processed over the web. This latest work describes how the internet has become a platform for the delivery and integration of geographic information. It highlights the growth that has taken place since the first edition and includes new chapters on popular XML formats used in online GIS, SDI Metadata Portals, Mobile GIS and Location-Based services. It also updates metadata standards and explains how metadata links it all together.

Designed To Help Non-Technical Readers Understand Technical Issues

The book provides a brief overview of the basic technology of online GIS before introducing the technical methods used to develop and implement GIS on the web. It includes an introduction to the protocols and standards now in use online and provides technical background and real-world examples of scripts, markup, and other elements that make this technology work. Expanding on the previous edition, the book offers a global perspective of online GIS, contains links and references to online resources, and includes future directions, applications, and trends.

Reviewing major advances that have occurred over the past decade, this seminal work:

  • Discusses the detail of four XML-based standards now in common use for Online GIS and spatial metadata
  • Outlines the nature of Information Networks, systems in which information is distributed across many different sites
  • Examines the conceptual framework of metadata, by studying the RDF and similar standards for the Web
  • Describes several metadata standards in use around the world for spatial metadata
  • Provides current examples of SDI metadata portals, catalogues, and clearinghouses
  • Looks at ways in which distributed information can be built into data warehouses, and introduces basic ideas in data mining


"Metadata is the Pandora's box of opportunities for business, organisations, citizens and customers. It may be argued that privacy is now dead, and the age of personal interconnectedness has begun. But what to make of this new revolution and phase transition for society? This book provides the reader with detailed insights into not only how metadata works, but why and how it will affect us all. I am sure by reading this book you will become an informed consumer and citizen of the 21st century. If you are in business, government and media this is a must read for you."

—Professor Steve d'Alessandro, Charles Stuart University, Australia

Table of Contents


Geographic Information Systems

GIS and Object-Oriented Technology

A Brief Primer on the Nature of GIS

The Rise of the Internet

Overview of the Book

GIS and the Internet

The Advantages of Online GIS

Considerations when Deploying over the Internet

The Evolution of Online GIS

Interactive Online GIS

The Rise of Online Data Warehouses

Differences Between Stand-Alone and Online GIS

Options for Implementing Online GIS

Summary and Outlook

Server-Side GIS Operations

Web Servers

Server Software

Server Processing

Forms and Image Fields

Processing Scripts and Tools

Online Map Building

Implementing Geographic Queries

Summary and Outlook

Client-Side GIS Operations


Image Maps

Use of JavaScript in Client-Side Operations

AJAX: Dynamic Web Page Updating


Interactive Graphics

Application Programming Interfaces


Summary and Outlook

Introduction to Markup

Markup Languages

XML: Structural Ideas


XML Namespaces

XML Schema

XQuery: The XML Query Language

XQuery Grammar

FLWOR: XQuery Expressions

The Future of XML

Summary and Outlook

XML and Online GIS

XML Implementations

GPX Schema

KML (Keyhole Markup Language)

GML: Geographic Markup Language


Summary and Outlook

Appendix: Picnic Schema

Appendix: Application Schema for the River Scene

Information Networks


What Is an Information Network?

What Can Information Networks Do?

The Organisation of Information Networks

Issues Associated with Information Networks

Information Networks in Practice

Summary and Outlook

Metadata on the Web


Dublin Core

JSON Protocol for Data Interchange


Resource Description Framework (RDF)

Querying RDF: SPARQL

XML Signatures

Summary and Outlook

SDI Metadata Portals and Online GIS


Geospatial Metadata Standards

Metadata Standards: The Gory Details

Prominent Metadata Standards

Spatial Data Infrastructure and Metadata Portals

Examples of Online SDI Metadata Portals

Metadata Standards and the Future of SDI and Online GIS

Summary and Outlook

Appendix: Simplified Schemas

Data Warehouses

What Is a Data Warehouse?

Geographic Data Warehouses

Data Warehouse Architectures

Database Processing Models

Considerations when Building Data Warehouses

Data Warehouse Organisation and Operation

Data Warehouse Examples

Common Publication Standards for Online GIS Warehouses

Intelligent Systems

Data Mining

The Future of Geographic Data Warehouses

Summary and Outlook

GIS Anytime, Anywhere

Mobile GIS

Mobile GIS and Business

Regulations Governing Mobile Implementations

Technology and Implementation of Mobile Apps

Mobile Security

Future Proofing Mobile Development

Summary and Outlook

Location-Based Services

What Are Location-Based Services?

How Do LBS Work?

What Are Application Domains for LBS?

What Is the Future of LBS?

Summary and Outlook

Future Directions of Online GIS

Realisation of a Global GIS

Future Benefits of Online GIS Systems

Online GIS Organisational Trends

Online GIS Technology Trends

Virtual Worlds

Envoi (Online GIS)

Summary and Outlook



Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COMPUTERS / Computer Engineering
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Remote Sensing & Geographic Information Systems