Ontological Entanglements, Agency and Ethics in International Relations: Exploring the Crossroads, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Ontological Entanglements, Agency and Ethics in International Relations

Exploring the Crossroads, 1st Edition

By Laura Zanotti

Routledge

148 pages

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pub: 2018-07-26
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Description

While the relevance of ontological commitments for epistemology and methodology in International Relations have been the subject of growing debate for several years, the implications for ethics and political agency of embracing an ontology of entanglement have remained unexplored. This work focuses on the importance of addressing the ontological and epistemological assumptions of the discipline of International Relations.

There is increased awareness of the limits of abstract principles as ways of adjudicating real life political and ethical choices regarding International Intervention and international development for both practitioners and scholars. The work challenges  IR prevailing ontological imaginaries rooted upon Newtonian physics and argues that non-substantialist ontological positions nurture a political ethos that privileges ‘modest’ engagements of practical solidarity and weights political choices with regard to the consequences and distributive effects they may produce in the context where they are made rather than based upon their universal normative aspirations. While the book is firmly rooted in metatheory, Zanotti also highlights the easiness with which political failures are dismissed as unintended consequences and argues that the current crisis in Syria, and genocides in Srebrenica and Rwanda have shown that advocating abstract ethical principles, be they the Responsibility to Protect, impartiality, or following rules can lead to disaster and can foster violent and exclusionary practices. She also exemplifies how an alternative ethos can be practiced through the example of an international NGO in Haiti.

Highlighting the need for critically re-thinking the way we conceptualize political agency and validate ethics, this work will be of interest to scholars of International Relations theory, ethics and critical security studies. 

Reviews

"Zanotti’s rich conversation between quantum ontology and social theory reveals that more than theory is at stake in the shift from the Newtonian to the Quantum. She boldly invites her audience to rethink the world, how we know it and how we might change it. Ontological Entanglements, Agency and Ethics in International Relations is the full package – theoretical, empirical, critical, ethical and practical - and essential reading for scholars and practitioners who have questioned the relevance of the quantum shift." -- K.M. Fierke, University of St. Andrews, UK

"Laura Zanotti’s new book is a valuable contribution to the on-going discussions about the ethical and political implications of social-ontological claims. By combining insights from critical realism and Karen Barad’s notion of entanglement of matter and meaning, in part drawn from quantum physics, she elaborates a context- and situation sensitive approach to ethical and political responsibility in world politics, stressing the way we shape the world through our intra-actions and performativity." - Heikki Patomäki, University of Helsinki, Finland

Table of Contents

Introduction.

1. Questioning substantialism in unsuspected places: anarchy, empire and the power of ideas.

2. Re-thinking causality and structures: the critical materialist position.

3. Quantum entanglements: intra agential agency and the ethos of practice.

4. Entangled agency: re-thinking subjects and power.

5. Entangled norms: archives, the non-transparency of meaning and ethics.

6. Intra-agential realism and the relevance of International Relations for practice.

7. Imagining an intra-agential ethos.

8. Relying on abstractions, relinquishing responsibility: Rwanda, Srebrenica, Haiti, Syria and other disasters.

9. Intra-agential agency, an ethos of responsibility and practical solidarity: providing medical care to the poor.

Conclusions.

About the Author

Laura Zanotti is Associate Professor at Virginia Tech, USA. Prior to joining academia Zanotti has worked in peacekeeping and peacebuilding at the United Nations.

About the Series

Interventions

The Series provides a forum for innovative and interdisciplinary work that engages with alternative critical, post-structural, feminist, postcolonial, psychoanalytic and cultural approaches to international relations and global politics. In our first 5 years we have published 60 volumes.

We aim to advance understanding of the key areas in which scholars working within broad critical post-structural traditions have chosen to make their interventions, and to present innovative analyses of important topics. Titles in the series engage with critical thinkers in philosophy, sociology, politics and other disciplines and provide situated historical, empirical and textual studies in international politics.

 

We are very happy to discuss your ideas at any stage of the project: just contact us for advice or proposal guidelines. Proposals should be submitted directly to the Series Editors:

  • Jenny Edkins (jennyedkins@hotmail.com) and
  • Nick Vaughan-Williams (N.Vaughan-Williams@Warwick.ac.uk).

‘As Michel Foucault has famously stated, "knowledge is not made for understanding; it is made for cutting" In this spirit The Edkins - Vaughan-Williams Interventions series solicits cutting edge, critical works that challenge mainstream understandings in international relations. It is the best place to contribute post disciplinary works that think rather than merely recognize and affirm the world recycled in IR's traditional geopolitical imaginary.’

Michael J. Shapiro, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, USA

 

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POL000000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / General
POL011000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / General
POL015000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Process / Political Parties
POL016000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Political Process / General