Open Source Innovation
The Phenomenon, Participant's Behaviour, Business Implications
Open Source Innovation (OSI) has gained considerable momentum within the last years. Academic and management practice interest grows as more and more end-users consider and even participate in Open Source product development like Linux, Android, or Wikipedia.
Open Source Innovation: Phenomenon, Participant Behaviour, Impact brings together rigorous academic research and business importance in scrutinizing OCI from three perspectives: The Phenomenon, Participants' Behavior, and Business Implications. The first section introduces OCI artefacts, including who is participating and why, and provides a systematic overview of the literature. The second section stresses the behaviour of participants, highlighting participation progression, community selection, user entrepreneurship and fair behaviour, and answering key questions like how to manage governance rules, openness and community design aspects. The third explores the impact and implications of OSI for firms and economies by evaluating business models, uncovering opportunities for firms to interact with communities, and presenting value capture mechanisms.
Open Source Innovation provides a full picture of the movement to help readers understand and engage with OSI from the micro perspective of individuals, to the community, to the macro perspective of firms and economies.
Table of Contents
1. Motivation of Participants to Contribute to Online Communities Herstatt 2. Open Source Software and Open Content: A Comparison Ehls 3. Open Source Beyond Software: An Empirical Investigation of the Open Design Phenomenon Balka 4. Open Source Innovation as a Phenomenon-Based Research Field: Puzzles and Paradigms Lee & Raasch 5. Open Source Participation Behavior - A Review and Introduction of a Participation Lifecycle Model Ehls 6. Joining Open Source Communities Contingent on Individual User Traits Ehls 7. Exogenous vs. Endogenous Governance in Innovation Communities: Effects on Motivation, Conflict and Justice Stormer 8. Managing Member Specialization in Online Innovation Communities Bierwald 9. How Open is Open Source – Software and Beyond. Balka 10. Free Revealing in Open Innovation: A comparison of Different Models and Their Benefits for Companies. Schweisfurth 11. 'Men on the Inside' - How Firms Can Strategically Influence Open Source Communities Lee 12. User-Contested and User-Complemented Markets: Impacts on Market Outcomes and Social Welfare Raasch & von Hippel 13. Conclusions
Cornelius Herstatt is full professor and director of the Institute of Technology and Innovation Management. His research focuses on lead user and open innovation in global contexts. His recent work involves combining elements of this research with the investigation of community driven innovation projects. He holds a guest professorship with Tohoku-University in Sendai and is co-founder of the European Institute for Technology and Innovation Management (EITIM). Prof. Herstatt is a research alumni/fellow of the East-West Centre (Honolulu), JSPS (Japanese Society for promoting Science) and Templeton College in Oxford (UK).
Daniel Ehls is Senior Research Fellow and lecturer at the Institute of Technology and Innovation Management (TIM) at Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH). His research concentrates on Open and User Innovation and in particular on User Behavior and collaborating with distributed volunteers. He studied Technology Management and worked as a management consultant. After gaining his PhD he was invited scholar at Tokyo Tech University (Japan) and now leads the research unit 'Open Foresight' at the TIM institute of Professor Herstatt.