1st Edition

Optical and Laser Diagnostics
Proceedings of the First International Conference London, 16-20 December 2002




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ISBN 9780750309585
Published June 20, 2003 by CRC Press
256 Pages

USD $315.00

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Book Description

From the automotive industry to blood flow monitoring, optical techniques and laser diagnostics are becoming integral parts in engineering and medical instrumentation. Written by leading global experts from industry, academic groups, and laboratories, this volume provides an international perspective on both existing applications and leading-edge research. With a focus on advanced engineering applications, the book discusses the application of techniques such as laser Doppler velocimetry, particle image velocimetry, and planar laser-induced fluorescence to automotive engines, burners, and gas turbines. It also covers the flow, sprays, and combustion in direct-injection gasoline engines as well as the fundamental structure of flames as revealed by complementary laser techniques. In addition, the book explores laser diagnostic techniques used in the biomedical field and reviews novel research on the use of fiber-optic sensor techniques for structural integrity and physical condition monitoring.

Table of Contents

Preface
LASER DIAGNOSTICS
Advanced Laser Spectroscopy in Combustion, Catalysis and Medicine
J. Wolfrum

Local Flame/Flow Characterization in Turbulent Flame Propagation
S. Jarvis and G.K. Hargrave

Fiber Optic Sensor Arrangements for the Analysis of Flame Propagation in Standard Spark Ignited Multicyclinder Engines
E. Winklhofer, C. Beidl, H. Philipp, and W. Piock

Planar Lasar-Induced Fluorescence Measurements of Fuel Concentration in a Gasoline Direct Injection Optical Engine
S. Gashi, Y. Yan, R.D. Lockett, and C. Acroumanis

Acoustic-Optic Frequency Switching for Two-Wavelength Planar Doppler Velocimetry
H.D. Ford, D.S. Nobes, and R.P. Tatam

An Investigation of Underexpanded Free Jets from Straight Nozzles
L.N. Ung and G.K. Hargrave

Instantaneous Three-Dimensional Visualization of Concentration Distributions in Turbulent Flows with a Single Laser
A. Hoffmann, F. Zimmermann, and C. Schulz

Characterization of Drop Impact on Heated Surfaces by Optical Techniques
G.E. Cossali, M. Marengo, and M. Santini

Time-Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry: Analysis of Random Errors
K. Anandarajah, G.K. Hargrave, and N.A. Halliwell

A High Power Single-Mode Tunable Laser for Nonlinear Optical Diagnostics in Combustion
K. Bultitude and P. Ewart

ENGINE-RELATED APPLICATIONS
Optical Diagnostics for Internal Combustion Engines
H. Zhao

Temporal Measurements of Mass Concentration of Soot Aggregates in the Diesel Exhaust by Two-Color Extinction Method
T. Kamimoto, T. Nakajima, and Y. Kawashima

Characterization of Mixture Distribution and Combustion in a DISI Optical Engine under Late Injection Mode
D.-S. Choi, Y. Lee, J. Choi, and C. Bae

An Investigation of the Effect of Nozzle Characteristics on Liquid Atomization in a GDI Injector
Y.C. Khoo and G.K. Hargrave

Development of a Wall Film Thickness Measuring Device
R. Lindgren, R. Block, and I. Denbratt

Simulating the Effect of Multiple Scattering on Images of Dense Sprays
M.C. Jermy, A. Allen, and A.K. Vuorenkoski

LASER AND OPTICAL DIAGNOSTICS
Optical Diagnostics of Pressure and Temperature Using Laser-Induced Thermal Gratings
R. Stevens and P. Ewart

Fiber Optical Diagnostics for Structural Condition Monitoring Applications Exemplified in the Millennium Project
Y.M. Gebremichael, W. Li, B.T. Meggitt, W.J.O. Boyle, K.T.V. Grattan, B. McKinley, and L.F. Boswell

Quantitative NO-LIF Imaging in High-Pressure Flames
W.G. Bessler, C. Schulz, T. Lee, D.-I. Shin, M. Hoffman, J.B. Jeffries, J. Wolfrum, and R.K. Hanson

Spray Characteristics of a Multi-Hole Injector for Direct Injection Gasoline Engines
N. Mitroglou, J.M. Nouri, and C. Arcoumanis

Hybrid Optical/Digital Codec for Mitigation of Optical Aberrations
S. Mezouari and A.R. Harvey

Effect of Chamber Pressure on the Spray Structure from a Swirl Pressure Atomizer for Direct Injection Gasoline Engines
J.M. Nouri and J.H. Whitelaw

Quantitative Characterization of Diesel Sprays Using Digital Imaging Techniques
J. Shao, Y. Yan, G. Greeves, and S. Smith

Mobile Laser-Based Optical Triangulation System for the Measurement of Structures
S.F. Turner and D.M. Johnson

The Interrogation of Multipoint Fiber Optic Sensor Signals Utilizing Artificial Neural Network Pattern Recognition Techniques
W.B. Lyons, C. Flanagan, and E. Lewis

Fiber Bragg Grating Coupled Fluorescent Optical Fiber Sensors
T. Sun, D.I. Forsyth, S.A. Wade, S. Pal, J. Mandal, K.T.V. Grattan, W.D.N. Pritchard, and G. Garnham

Phase Response of Nonlinear Medium Induced by Transitions between Excited Energy Levels
J.S.M. Addasi

Saturation of Dye Solution in Principal Channel by Using Two Light Fields
J.S.M. Addasi

VELOCITY MEASUREMENTS
Particle Image Velocimetry: From Two-Dimensional to Three-Dimensional Velocity Mapping with Holographic Recording, Object Conjugate Reconstruction (OCR) and Optical Correlation
N.A. Halliwell

Image Fiber Bundle Based 3 Component Planar Doppler Velocimetry
D.S. Nobes and R.P. Tatam

Optical-Diagnostic Study of Two-Dimensional, Premixed Laminar Flames
M. Fairweather and G.K. Hargrave

In-Plan Quantification of 3-D Velocities and Turbulence Intensities Using a Flow Visualization Technique
A. Ramadan, S. Michelet, K.C. Lee, and M. Yianneskis

The Development and Application of Time Resolved PIV at the University of Strathclyde
M. Stickland, T. Scanlon, T. Vidinha, W. Dempster, and R. Jaryczewski

Velocity Field Measurements in a Non-Premixed, Bluff-Body Burner Using Digital Particle Image Velocimetry
G.K. Hargrave, R. Carroni, and H.K. Versteeg

2-D LIF Measurements of Thermo-Acoustic Phenomena in Lean Premixed Flames of a Gas Turbine Combustor
S. Schenker, R. Bombach, A. Inauen, W. Kreutner, W. Hubschmid, K. Haffner, C. Motz, B. Schuermans, M. Zajadatz, and C.O. Paschereit

High Speed Imaging of Shocked and Detonated Gases
D.A. Holder, A.V. Smith, and C.J. Barton

An Investigation of the Problem of Multiple Scattering from Seeding Particles in Laser Sheet Studies of Shock Induced Gas Mixing
D.A. Holder, M.K. Philpott, and D.L. Youngs

BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS
PIV Measurements in Large-Scale Cardiovascular Models-The Importance of Dynamic Scaling
I. Owen, J.D. Gray, and M.P. Escudier

Laser Diagnostics of Dynamics Phenomena in Biological Objects: Model Measurements, Numerical Simulations, and Medical Applications
A.V. Priezzhev, K.B. Begun, A.Y. Tyurina, O.E. Fedorova, N.N. Firsov, S.J. Matcher, and I.V. Meglinksi

Study of Flow Characteristics and Particle Trajectories in a Model of the Human Upper Airway
H.K. Versteeg and G.K. Hargrave

Glucose Monitoring Using Laser NIR Spectroscopy
V.A. Saetchnikov and E.A. Tcherniavskaia

Author Index

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