Optimization of the Electron Donor Supply to Sulphate Reducing Bioreactors Treating Inorganic Wastewater: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Optimization of the Electron Donor Supply to Sulphate Reducing Bioreactors Treating Inorganic Wastewater

1st Edition

By Luis Carlos Reyes-Alvarado

CRC Press

234 pages

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pub: 2018-09-12
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Description

The main objective of this research was to optimize the electron donor supply in sulphate reducing bioreactors treating sulphate rich wastewater. Two types of electron donor were tested: lactate and slow release electron donors such as carbohydrate based polymers and lignocellulosic biowastes. Biological sulphate reduction was evaluated in different bioreactor configurations: the inverse fluidized bed, sequencing batch and batch reactors. The reactors were tested under steady-state, high-rate and transient-state feeding conditions of electron donor and acceptor, respectively. The results showed that the inverse fluidized bed reactor configuration is robust and resilient to transient and high-rate feeding conditions at a hydraulic retention time as low as 0.125 d. The biological sulphate reduction was limited by the COD:sulphate ratio (< 1.7). The results from artificial neural network modelling showed that the influent sulphate concentrations synergistically affected the COD removal efficiency and the sulphide production. Concerning the role of electron donors, the slow release electron donors allowed a biological sulphate reduction > 82% either using carbohydrate based polymers or lignocellulosic bio-wastes, in batch bioreactors. The biological sulphate reduction was limited by the hydrolysis-fermentation rate and by the complexity of the slow release electron donors.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 - Introduction

1.1 Background

1.2 The PhD thesis structure

1.3 References

Chapter 2 - Literature review

Abstract

2.1 Anaerobic digestion

2.2 The sulphate reduction process

2.3 Electron donors for SRB

2.4 Conventional bioreactors for sulphate reduction

2.5 Modelling biological sulphate reduction

2.6 Conclusions

2.7 References

Chapter 3 - Forecasting the effect on feast and famine conditions on biological sulphate reduction in an anaerobic inverse fluidized bed reactor using artificial neural networks

Abstract

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Material and methods

3.3 Results

3.4 Discussion

3.5 Conclusions

3.6 References

Chapter 4 - High rate biological sulphate reduction in a lactate fed inverse fluidized bed reactor at a hydraulic retention time of 3 H

Abstract

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Material and methods

4.3 Results

4.4 Discussion

4.5 Conclusions

4.6 References

Chapter 5 - Effect of the initial sulphate concentration on the start-up phase of the biological sulphate reduction in sequencing batch reactors

Abstract

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Material and methods

5.3 Results

5.4 Discussion

5.5 Conclusions

5.6 References

Chapter 6 - The effect of nitrogen and electron donor feastfamine conditions on biological sulphate reduction in inorganic wastewater treatment

Abstract

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Material and methods

6.3 Results

6.4 Discussion

6.5 Conclusions

6.6 References

Chapter 7 - The effect of feast and famie conditions on biological sulphate reduction in anaerobic sequencing batch reactors

Abstract

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Material and methods

7.3 Results

7.4 Discussion

7.5 Conclusions

7.6 References

Chapter 8 - Carbohydrate based polymeric materials as slow release electron donors for sulphate removal from wastewater

Abstract

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Material and methods

8.3 Results

8.4 Discussion

8.5 Conclusions

8.6 References

Chapter 9 - Lignocellulosic biowastes as carrier material and slow release electron donor for sulphidogenesis of wastewater in an inverse fluidized bed bioreactor

Abstract

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Material and methods

9.3 Results

9.4 Discussion

9.5 Conclusions

9.6 References

Chapter 10 - General discussion and perspectives

10.1 Introduction

10.2 General discussion and conclusions

10.3 Future research work

10.4 References

About the Author

Luis Carlos Reyes-Alvarado (born in Córdoba, Veracruz, Mexico) obtained his PhD in Environmental Technology. He joined the Universidad Veracruzana (Mexico) where he obtained the degree of Chemical Engineering and further a Master in Food Science and Technology, after which he received an ALFA grant within the SUPPORT (Sustainable Use of Photosynthesis Products & Optimum Resource Transformation) project at the TU Graz (Austria).

Luis developed and defended his PhD thesis through the Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctorate Programme in Environmental Technologies for Contaminated Solids, Soils and Sediments (ETeCoS3) on December 16th, 2016. His research was focused on the optimization of electron donor supply to sulphate reducing bioreactors treating inorganic wastewater rich in sulphate and carried out at different institutions: the UNESCO-IHE (Delft, The Netherlands), the Universidad Veracruzana (Veracruz, Mexico), the INRA-Laboratoire de Biotechnologie de l’Environnement (Narbonne, France) and the University of Cassino and Southern Lazio (Cassino, Italy). Luis' main interest is understanding the engineering aspects of biological processes, resource recovery from waste and the development of eco-technologies for waste remediation.

About the Series

IHE Delft PhD Thesis Series

IHE Delft PhD programme leads to a deepening of a field of specialisation. PhD fellows do scientific research, often with conclusions that directly influence their region. At IHE Delft, PhD researchers from around the world participate in problem-focused and solution-oriented research on development issues, resulting in an inspiring research environment. PhD fellows work together with other researchers from many countries dealing with topics related to water and the environment.

PhD research is often carried out in the ‘sandwich’ model. Preparation and final reporting – the first and last portion of the programme – are carried out in Delft, while actual research is done in the fellow’s home country, under co-supervision of a local institute. Regular contacts with the promotor are maintained through visits and long-distance communication. This enables researchers to employ solutions directly to problems in their geographical region.

IHE Delft PhD degrees are awarded jointly with a university. The degrees are highly valued and fully recognised in all parts of the world.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply