Organic Chemicals: An Environmental Perspective, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Organic Chemicals

An Environmental Perspective, 1st Edition

By Alasdair H. Neilson

CRC Press

912 pages

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Hardback: 9781566703765
pub: 1999-12-20
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Description

Environmental problems have become increasingly complex. The procedures for investigating these problems cross the traditional boundaries of organic and analytical chemistry, microbiology and biology. Organic Chemicals: An Environmental Perspective brings together the basic issues of chemical analysis, distribution, persistence, and ecotoxicology.

The author illustrates each point with specific examples and presents a mechanistic approach to microbial reactions. Extensive cross referencing between chapters provides cohesion and complete coverage of issues tangential to each topic. The new edition has been extensively revised, and contains a new appendix, a new chapter, plus further revised information throughout the book. In fact, it is a completely new book.

A major difficulty in environmental science is that much of the background is widely scattered in the specialized chemical, microbiological, and biological literature. The coverage of all these areas in a single volume, the coherence supplied by the cross references, and the extensive references to the original literature makes Organic Chemicals: An Environmental Perspective a unique resource.

Reviews

"…monumental, cutting-edge work on the fate and transport of organic chemicals."

--A. S. Casparian, in CHOICE, June 2000

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Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

Analysis

Synopsis

Introduction

Sampling

Extraction and Cleanup

Procedures Involving Chemical Reactions: Derivatization

Identification and Quantification: Basic Definitions

General Comments

Conclusions

References

Partition: Distribution, Transport, and Mobility

Synopsis

Introduction

Partition in Biota: Uptake of Xenobiotics From the Aqueous Phase

Partition Between Water, and Sediment or Soil phases

Phase Heterogeneity: Dissolved Organic Carbon and Interstitial Water

Partitions into the Atmosphere

Dissemination of Xenobiotics

Monitoring

Conclusions

References

Persistence: General Orientation

Introduction

Synopsis

Abiotic Reactions

Biotic Reactions

Mechanisms for the Introduction of Oxygen

Interactions

References

Persistence: Experimental Aspects

Introduction

Abiotic Reactions

Microbial Reactions

Design of Experiments on Biodegredation and Biotransformation

Experimental Problems: Water Solubility, Volatility, Sampling and Association of the Substrate with Microbial Cells

Procedures for Elucidating Metabolic Pathways

Use of Surrogate Substrates to Induce Enzymatic Activity

Procedures for Analysis of Degradative Populations

Classification and Identification of Organisms

References

Pathways of Degradation and Biotransformation

Synopsis

Introduction

Aerobic Degradation of Non-Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Aerobic Degradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Compounds

Aerobic Degradation of Hetercyclic Aromatic Compounds

Degradation of Halogenated Alkanes and Alkenes

Aerobic Degradation of Halogenated Aromatic Compounds

Anaerobic Metabolism of Halogenated Aromatic Compounds

Reactions Carried Out by Anaerobic Bacteria Other Than Dehalogenation

References

Ecotoxicology

Synopsis

Introduction

Choice of Test Species in Laboratory Tests

Experimental Determinants

Test Systems: Single Organisms

Test Systems: Several Organisms

Metabolism of Xenobiotics by Higher Organisms

Biomarkers: Biochemical and Physiological End-Points

A Wider Perspective

References

Microbiological Aspects of Bioremediation

Synopsis

Introduction

Representative Sites

A Hierarchical Strategy

Concluding Comments

References

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI013040
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Organic
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science