Organic Substances and Sediments in Water, Volume III  book cover
1st Edition

Organic Substances and Sediments in Water, Volume III

ISBN 9780873715294
Published August 19, 1991 by CRC Press
344 Pages

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Book Description

The fate and transport of natural and anthropogenic sediment-borne organic contaminants is a critical environmental issue and complex processes are involved that until now have been poorly defined. Organic Substances and Sediments in Water is a three-volume book that provides the best information available regarding the many interdisciplinary factors affecting organic substances associated with particulates in water. Topics discussed include absorption and transport of contaminants associated with particles; interfacial processes affecting fate and transport of organic substances associated with particles; the release of contaminants in receiving water bodies; water treatment; the role of biological factors in the fate and transport of organic contaminants in aqueous systems; development of biotransformation in natural and anthropogenic systems; the use of organic contaminant and sediment chemicals; biological and physical data to refine models to be used by resource managers; and chemical and biological processes that affect the fate and transport of organic constituents and determine degradation of contaminants and uptake in plants. This will be an important reference for environmental chemists, environmental engineers, environmental biologists, water treatment and natural system modelers, and soils scientists.


Table of Contents

VOLUME III: BIOLOGICAL INTRODUCTION. Organic Contaminants in Sediments: Biological Processes (John F. McCarthy, Peter F. Landrum, and Anthony V. Palumbo). INTEGRATING CHEMISTRY AND TOXICOLOGY OF SEDIMENT-WATER INTERACTIONS. Making the Transition from Toxicology to Ecotoxicology (James R. Pratt). The Case for Modelling Sediment-Water Interactions in Aquatic and Marine Systems (Donald Mackay, Miriam Diamond, and Warren Stiver). Application of Biotechnology to Water Quality Monitoring (Ivor T. Knight and Rita R. Colwell). UPTAKE AND ACCUMULATION of Sediment-Associated Contaminants. Bioavailability. A Clam's Eye View of the Bioavailability of Sediment-Associated Pollutants (Henry Lee II). The Influence of Water Column Dissolved Organic Carbon on the Uptake of 2,2',4,4',5,5'-Hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 153) by Daphnia Magna (Hayla E. Evans). Binding and Bioavailability of Organic Micropollutants in Natural Waters: Effects of the Quality and the Quantity of Dissolved Organic Material (Jussi Kukkonen, John F. McCarthy, and Aimo Oikari). Solvent-Filled Dialysis Membranes Mimic Bioaccumulation of Pollutants in Aquatic Environments (Anders Sšdergren). Bioaccumulation. Bioaccumulation of Molecular Markers for Municipal Wastes by Mytilus edulis (Paul M. Scherblom and Robert P. Eganhouse). Bioaccumulation of p, p'-DDE and PCB 1254 by a Flatfish Bioindicator from Highly Contaminated Marine Sediments of Southern California (David R. Young, Alan J. Mearns, and Richard W. Gossett). BIODEGRADATION. Anaerobic Dechlorinations. Dechlorinations of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Sediments of New Bedford Harbor (James L. Lake, Richard J. Pruell, and Frank Osterman). Anaerobic Biotransformation of Halogenated Pesticides in Aquifer Slurries (Joseph M. Suflita, K. Ramanand, and Neal Adrian). Reductive Dechlorination of Dichlorophenols in Anaerobic Pond Sediments (Dorothy D. Hale, John E. Rogers, and Juergen Wiegel). Cometabolism. The Effects of Groundwater Chemistry on Cometabolism of Chlorinated Solvents by Methanotrophic Bacteria (Anthony V. Palumbo, William Eng, Gerald W. Strandberg). Anaerobic Degradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Aerobic Degradation of Trichloroethylene by Subsurface Microorganisms (Dunja Grbic-Galic, Susan M. Henry, E. Michael Godsy, Elizabeth Edwards, and Kevin P. Mayer). Biodegradation of Organic Contaminants in Sediments: Overview and Examples with Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (Carl E. Cerniglia). The Use of Chemical Diffusing Substrata to Monitor the Response of Periphyton to Synthetic Organic Chemicals (Scott D. Schermerhorn, Gina Abbate, and Roy M. Ventullo). Genetic Engineering and Molecular Techniques. Molecular Analysis of Biodegradative Bacterial Populations: Application of Bioluminescence Technology (Gary S. Sayler, J.M. Henry King, Robert Burlage, and Frank Larimer). Index.

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