In a world dominated by poverty, a central characteristic has been the plight of orphans and abandoned children. Over the centuries, State, Church and individuals have all attempted to tackle the issue, but can we trace any change over the course of time when it comes to the welfare system intended for these disadvantaged children and acts of philanthropy? What kind of social policies did States follow and what were the main differences between countries and regions? Drawing on historical evidence across several centuries and a range of European countries, the contributors to this volume provide a transnational overview.
Table of Contents
I. IN SEARCH OF AN IDENTITY
- Orphaned, Abandoned, Without a Family: The Establishment and Consequences of the Institution of Slavery
- Should Abandoned Children Be Baptised? The French Case, the 16th to the Early 20th Century
- Constructing a Social Identity. State, Abandoned Children and Family in Mid-19th Century Bucharest
- Italian Assistance Patterns for Orphans in the 18th and 19th Centuries
- Seminario Soleti: Higher Education for Abandoned Children in Siena in the Early Modern Period (1645-1784)
- The Origin and the Network of the Ottoman Reform Schools (The Islahhanes of 1860s-1870s)
- Children Admitted to Public Care in the Basses-Alpes Department (France) in the Late 19th Century (1874-1904): Modes of Training and Work Placement
- Play, work and petty crime: children on the streets and public spaces of late 19th and early 20th-century Vienna
- A Foster Placement Project for Abandoned Children from Paris in the Countryside, 1760-1770
- The Children of the Commune: Care of Abandoned Children in Early-Modern Dubrovnik
- Orphaned Children in Bohemian Rural Society in the First Half of the 19th Century. Care, Co-Residence and Inheritance Practices
- Who Should be Placed in the Countryside? Changing Practices of Rural Placement for Abandoned Infants in La Inclusa de Madrid, 1890-1935
Giovanna da Molina, Angela Carbone, Annamaria Gaetana de Pinto
II. WHAT PATH TO FOLLOW: EDUCATION OR WORK?
III. LIFE IN URBAN AND RURAL ENVIRONMENT
Nicoleta Roman is researcher at "Nicolae Iorga" Institute of History of the Romanian Academy.