1st Edition

Other Minds
How Humans Bridge the Divide between Self and Others



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ISBN 9781593854683
Published March 8, 2007 by Guilford Press
354 Pages

USD $39.00

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Book Description

One of the great challenges of social cognitive science is to understand how we can enter, or read, the minds of others--that is, infer complex mental states such as beliefs, desires, intentions, and emotions. This book brings together leading scholars from psychology, neuroscience, and philosophy to present cutting-edge theories and empirical findings on this essential topic. Written in an engaging, accessible style, the volume examines the cognitive processes underlying mindreading; how interpersonal understanding and empathy develop across the lifespan; connections to language, communication, and relationships; and what happens when mindreading fails, in both normal and clinical populations.

Table of Contents

I. Questions about the Phenomenon
1. Executive Functioning and Children's Theories of Mind, Louis J. Moses
2. Three Puzzles of Mindreading, Bertram F. Malle
3. A Constituent Approach to the Study of Perspective Taking: What Are Its Fundamental Elements?, Mark H. Davis
4. Starting without Theory: Confronting the Paradox of Conceptual Development, Daniel D. Hutto
II. Reading Behavior, Reading Minds
5. Is There a Social Brain?: Lessons from Eye-Gaze Following, Joint Attention, and Autism, Diego Fernandez-Duque and Jodie A. Baird
6. Visual Cues as Evidence of Others' Minds in Collaborative Physical Tasks, Susan R. Fussell, Robert E. Kraut, Darren Gergle, and Leslie D. Setlock
7. Attributing Motives to Other People, Glenn D. Reeder and David Trafimow
8. Explanatory Coherence and Goal-Based Knowledge Structures in Making Dispositional Inferences, Stephen J. Read and Lynn C. Miller
III. Reading One's Own Mind, Reading Other Minds
9. Perspective Taking as the Royal Avenue to Empathy, Jean Decety
10. Everyday Solutions to the Problem of Other Minds: Which Tools Are Used When?, Daniel R. Ames
11. Mental Simulation: Royal Road to Other Minds?, Josef Perner and Anton Kühberger
12. Why Self-Ascriptions Are Difficult and Develop Late, Radu J. Bogdan
IV. Language and Other Minds
13. Language as the Route into Other Minds, Janet Wilde Astington and Eva Filippova
14. Representation of the Interlocutor's Mind during Conversation, Marjorie Barker and T. Givón
15. Conceptual Alignment in Conversation, Michael F. Schober
16. On the Inherent Ambiguity of Traits and Other Mental Concepts, James S. Uleman
V. Limits of Mindreading
17. Mindreading in an Exotic Case: The Normal Adult Human, Dale J. Barr and Boaz Keysar
18. Empathy Gaps in Emotional Perspective Taking, Leaf Van Boven and George Loewenstein
19. Is How Much You Understand Me in Your Head or Mine?, Sara D. Hodges
20. Empathic Accuracy and Inaccuracy in Close Relationships, William Ickes, Jeffry A. Simpson, and Minda Oriña
21. Theory of Mind in Schizophrenia, Robyn Langdon

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Editor(s)

Biography

Bertram F. Malle, PhD, is Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Oregon and the recipient of a Society of Experimental Social Psychology Dissertation Award and a National Science Foundation Career Award. His research examines the cognitive tools that humans bring to social interaction, such as the folk concept of intentionality, inferences of mental states, and explanations of behavior. Dr. Malle is coeditor of two other volumes, Intentions and Intentionality and The Evolution of Language Out of Pre-Language, and the author of How the Mind Explains Behavior.

Sara D. Hodges, PhD, is Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Oregon. Her research, which has been published in scholarly journals and edited volumes, explores the role of the self in people's perceptions of others, with a particular emphasis on empathy, projection, and social comparison. Dr. Hodges also studies how people construct evaluations and preferences in social contexts. Her research has received funding from the National Science Foundation, and she has been the recipient of two Rippey Innovative Teaching Awards at the University of Oregon.

Reviews

In the age of neo-behaviorism and social neuroscience, this volume shows that mind still matters. Malle and Hodges have brought together a stellar group of investigators to probe the ways in which people perceive and think about 'other minds.' Like Fritz Heider before them, Malle, Hodges, and colleagues know that the study of folk psychology offers unique scientific opportunities. The advances in theory of mind, simulation theory, and empathy research, to name a few, reassure us that the day for the total reduction of psychology has not yet come.--Joachim I. Krueger, PhD, Department of Psychology, Brown University

Once upon a time in psychology, other minds were a taboo topic. That's over now, and instead the hot new topic is how people manage the trick of perceiving other minds--as well as understanding their own minds. This book brings together exciting current views of the process of mind perception from laboratories studying social, cognitive, developmental, and neuroscientific psychology.--Daniel M. Wegner, PhD, Department of Psychology, Harvard University

A great many scholars have noted the inherent difficulty of trying to discern the contents of other minds--a difficulty, it is now clear, we all try to overcome by employing a variety of inferential tools. Fittingly, this excellent and timely volume likewise displays a variety of perspectives on how people approach the 'problem of other minds,' both when mindreading is successfully accomplished and when efforts to do so fall short. Anyone who wants to better understand this subject would be well advised to read this book.--Thomas D. Gilovich, PhD, Department of Psychology, Cornell University

In recent years, the study of 'other minds' has promised the possibility of a rapprochement among various branches of the psychological sciences. This volume achieves this reconciliation as developmental, social, and abnormal psychologies are brought together with linguistic and communication sciences and the burgeoning area of social cognitive neuroscience. Encyclopedic in its range, it will serve as a handbook for all those committed to explaining the human capacity for social understanding.--Chris Moore, PhD, Department of Human Development and Applied Psychology, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, Canada
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The material in this volume should be a considerable interest to clinicians interested in matters pertaining to empathy, mentalization, projective identification, and countertransference effects.
--Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 1/10/2007ƒƒ
Stimulating and provocative and points to future developments.
--The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1/10/2007