While PEM fuel cells are highly efficient, environmentally friendly sources of power, their durability hinders the commercialization of this technology. With contributions from international scientists active in PEM fuel cell research, PEM Fuel Cell Durability Handbook, Two-Volume Set provides a comprehensive source of state-of-the-art research in the field. The handbook looks at how to overcome the technical challenges of PEM fuel cell technology and drive the technology toward increased commercialization.
The two volumes in the set cover numerous durability-related issues in the development of PEM fuel cells. The first volume analyzes failure modes that result in the insufficient durability of PEM fuel cells. Supplying a handy toolbox for practical work, the second volume brings together the different types of diagnostic tools currently used by PEM fuel cell researchers.
By providing an understanding of fuel cell performance, degradation, and failure modes, this two-volume handbook helps readers develop new materials and design novel fuel cells that mitigate their degradation.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Haijiang Wang, Hui Li, and Xiao-Zi Yuan
Catalyst Degradation, Shengsheng Zhang, Xiao-Zi Yuan, and Haijiang Wang
Catalyst Support Degradation, Zhongwei Chen and Ryan Hsu
Membrane Degradation, Yinghao Luan and Yongming Zhang
Porous Transport Layer Degradation, Walter Mérida
Degradation of Bipolar Plates and Its Effect on PEM Fuel Cells, Lars Kühnemann, Thorsten Derieth, Peter Beckhaus, and Angelika Heinzel
Degradation of Other Components, Daijun Yang, Junsheng Zheng, Bing Li, and Jianxin Ma
Contaminant-Induced Degradation, Olga A. Baturina, Yannick Garsany, Benjamin D. Gould, and Karen E. Swider-Lyons
Environment-Induced Degradation, Eric Pinton, Sébastien Rosini, and Laurent Antoni
Operation-Induced Degradation, Pucheng Pei
Design-Related Durability Issues, Kui Jiao and Xianguo Li
Introduction, Xiao-Zi Yuan, Haijiang Wang, and Hui Li
In Situ Diagnostic Tools
PEM Fuel Cell Testing, Jonathan J. Martin
Polarization Curve, Dong-Yun Zhang, Xianxia Yuan, and Zi-Feng Ma
Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, Norbert Wagner
Cyclic Voltammetry, Jinfeng Wu, Xiao-Zi Yuan, and Haijiang Wang
Linear Sweep Voltammetry, Shengsheng Zhang, Xiao-Zi Yuan, and Haijiang Wang
Current Interruption, Miguel A. Rubio, Alfonso Urquia, and Sebastian Dormido
Cathode Discharge, Herwig Robert Haas
Water Transfer Factor Measurement, Tak Cheung Yau, Pierre Sauriol, Xiaotao Bi, and Jürgen Stumper
Current Mapping, Dilip Natarajan and Trung Van Nguyen
Transparent Cell, Chun-Ying Hsu and Fang-Bor Weng
Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Ziheng Zhang and Bruce J. Balcom
Neutron Imaging, Pierre Boillat and Günther G. Scherer
Ex Situ Diagnostic Tools
X-Ray Diffraction, Justin Roller
Scanning Electron Microscopy, Robert Alink and Dietmar Gerteisen
Transmission Electron Microscopy, Rui Lin, Junsheng Zheng, and Jian-Xin Ma
Infrared Imaging, Xiao-Zi Yuan, Shengsheng Zhang, Jinfeng Wu, and Haijiang Wang
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Andrea Haug, Renate Hiesgen, Mathias Schulze, and Günter Schiller
X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Mathias Schulze and Andrea Haug
Atomic Force Microscopy, Renate Hiesgen and K. Andreas Friedrich
Binary Gas Diffusion, Jun Shen
Gas Permeability of PEMs, Dmitri Bessarabov
Species Detection, Khalid Fatih
Rotating Disk Electrode/Rotating Ring-Disk Electrode, Xuan Cheng, Hengyi Li, and Qiaoming Zheng
Porosimetry and Characterization of the Capillary Properties of Gas Diffusion Media, Jeff T. Gostick, Michael W. Fowler, Mark D. Pritzker, and Marios A. Ioannidis
Haijiang Wang is a senior research officer, manager of multiprojects, and the core competency leader of the Unit Fuel Cell Team in the National Research Council Canada Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation (NRC-IFCI). He is also an adjunct professor at five universities, including the University of British Columbia and the University of Waterloo. With 25 years of experience in electrochemistry and fuel cell technology, Dr. Wang has published more than 100 journal and conference papers and has been issued three patents. His research focuses on novel fuel cell design and materials as well as fuel cell diagnosis and durability.
Hui Li is a research council officer and technical leader for the PEM Fuel Cell Failure Mode Analysis project and PEM Fuel Cell Contamination Consortium in the National Research Council Canada Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation (NRC-IFCI). Dr. Li has coauthored more than 30 journal papers and has technology licensed to the Mantra Energy Group. Her research focuses on PEM fuel cell contamination and durability testing, the preparation and development of electrochemical catalysts with long-term stability, catalyst layer/cathode structure, and catalyst layer characterization and electrochemical evaluation.
Xiao-Zi Yuan is a research officer and project leader of the Unit Fuel Cell Team in the National Research Council Canada Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation (NRC-IFCI). Dr. Yuan has published more than 80 journal and conference papers and holds five patents in China. Her research focuses on PEM fuel cell design, testing, diagnosis, and durability.