Archaeologists have always been concerned with the relationship between the sites they study and the environments in which the sites are found. Since the end of the Pleistocene Era, sea levels have risen at least 120 meters, a factor that has considerable effect on many archaeological sites. Paleoshorelines and Prehistory: An Investigation of Method discusses the various processes that may affect coastal sites, or inland sites on shallow coastal plains, and presents a variety of methods that have been developed to reconstruct the shoreline at the time the sites were occupied. The focus of the chapters is on processes affecting coastal sites in the Americas, although the methods discussed are applicable to archaeologists worldwide.
The book will also guide archaeologists in designing surveys to discover site locations, whether these are now inland or underwater. All archaeologists and students in archaeology and geology will find a tremendous wealth of useful information in this remarkable volume.
Preface. Introduction. PART I: STABLE LAND. ISLANDS. Introduction. Lucayan Settlement Patterns and Recent Coastal Changes in the Bahamas. Paleoshorelines and the Prehistory of Barbuda, West Indies. MAINLAND. Introduction. A Geoarchaeological Methodology for Studying Prograding Coastal Sequences: Beach Ridge Geomorphology in Kotzebue Sound, Alaska. Paleoshorelines and the Sambaquis of Brazil. UNDERWATER. Introduction. Recent Archaeogeophysical Studies of Paleoshorelines of the Gulf of Mexico. Inundated Prehistoric Sites in Apalachee Bay, Florida and the Search for the Clovis Shoreline. PART II: UNSTABLE LAND. ISLANDS. Introduction. Modeling Paleoshorelines in Geologically Active Regions: Applications to the Shumagin Islands, Southwest Alaska. Paleoshorelines and Prehistoric Settlement on Simeonof and Chernabura Islands, Outer Shumagin Islands, Alaska. MAINLAND. Introduction. Postglacial Relative Sea Level History of the Labrador Coast and the Interpretation of the Archaeological Record. Space Shuttle Imagery of Recent Catastrophic Change Along the Arid Andean Coast. CONCLUSION. GLOSSARY. BIBLIOGRAPHY. INDEX.