The research, field work and writing for this study have taken over two years. The book was originally written as a Ph.D. dissertation under the supervision of Professor James Bill of the University of Texas (at Austin). I am grateful to him for his careful and considerate attention to the manuscript at its several stages. I wish to thank Professor Henry Dietz, Robert Femea, Lawrence Graham, and Robert Hardgrave, who provided important suggestions for the writing of this study. Four more individuals deserve particular mention for their contribution to the writing of the book. Dr. Barbara Harlow who took time to read the entire manuscript and Dr. Michael Fischer who read part. I thank both of them for the valuable suggestions provided to me. I wish to express my gratitude to Dr. Ghassan Salame of the American University of Beirut whose support encouraged me to turn my Ph.D. dissertation into a book. Finally, I would like to thank Barbara Ellington, senior acquisition editor of W estview Press, for her support
List of lllustrations -- Acknowledgments -- IN1RODUCTION -- 1. STATELESSNESS IN CONTEXT -- 2. PALESTINIANS BECOME REFUGEES -- 3. THE DISPLACED INTELLIGENTSIA -- 4. THE PLACE OF THE PEASAN1RY -- 5. THE FAMILY AS A CROSS-NATIONAL ENTITY -- 6. FAMILY NETWORKS: SOCIAL DYNAMICS AND SURVIVAL -- 7. THESOCIALFOUNDATIONSOFVRLAGEAND TOWN SURVIVAL IN KUWAIT -- 8. vnLAGE AND TOWN FUNDS AND ASSOCIATIONS -- 9. NEW CRISIS IN THE DIASPORA -- 10. CONCLUSION -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- INDEX.