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Papal Justice in the Late Middle Ages
The Sacra Romana Rota




ISBN 9781472482266
Published April 15, 2016 by Routledge
200 Pages

 
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Book Description

This is a study of the history and function of the highest ecclesiastical tribunal, the Sacra Romana Rota, from the twelfth to the sixteenth centuries. Despite its importance for Christendom and in contrast with other important papal offices, the activity of the Rota has never been thoroughly investigated on the basis of archival sources, in large part due to the vast source material and the perceived "difficulty" of the subject. This book fills this significant gap by explaining how the Rota functioned-its organization, the phases of a Rota process, everyday practices at the tribunal-and the kinds of issues it handled, where the processes originated from and how long they lasted. The study demonstrates that the Rota dealt with a range of cases much broader than has previously been acknowledged, whilst also confirming that the tribunal mainly oversaw litigation over benefices. The results of this research reveal the true role of the Rota and its significance for Christians from the middle ages to the dawn of the Reformation.

Table of Contents

Contents

List of Figures and Tables

Acknowledgements

List of Abbreviations

Introduction

PART I: THE TRIBUNAL OF THE SACRA ROMANA ROTA

1 Sources and Research on the Roman Rota

2 The Roman Rota and the Papal Curia

3 The History of the Roman Rota

4 The Organization and Personnel of the Rota

5 The Stages of Rota Processes

6 The Activity of the Rota as Recorded in the Rota Manualia

7 The Litigation of Henricus Meyer over the Parish of Mynämäki

PART II: ROTA PROCESSES IN THE LATE MIDDLE AGES AND ON THE EVE OF REFORMATION

8 The Classification and Number of Cases Heard in the Rota

9 The Geographical Range of Cases heard by the Rota

10 The Length of Rota Processes

11 Appellants

General Conclusions

Sources and Literature

Index of Persons

Index of Places

...
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Author(s)

Biography

Kirsi Salonen is Tenure Track Professor in Medieval and Early Modern History in the School of History, Culture and Art Studies at the University of Turku, Finland.

Reviews

"Kirsi Salonen’s study of the papal tribunal called the Sacra Romana Rota offers an excellent model of compelling institutional history, and should be useful to scholars of premodern justice and the Catholic Church."

- Jennifer Mara Desilva, Ball State University, US

"The author presents interesting samples of procedural documents, together with notaries’ remarks which cast light on the cycle of audiences in court, holidays, special events in the curia, locations where court sessions were held, and the provisional replacement of judges during illness or temporary absence from Rome."

- Gero Dolezalek, University of Aberdeen, UK