Particle and Astroparticle Physics: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Particle and Astroparticle Physics

1st Edition

By Utpal Sarkar

CRC Press

544 pages | 56 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781584889311
pub: 2007-12-03
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Description

From superstring theory to models with extra dimensions to dark matter and dark energy, a range of theoretically stimulating ideas have evolved for physics beyond the standard model. These developments have spawned a new area of physics that centers on the interplay between particle physics and cosmology—astroparticle physics. Providing the necessary theoretical background, Particle and Astroparticle Physics clearly presents the many recent advances that have occurred in these fields.

Divided into five parts, the book begins with discussions on group and field theories. The second part summarizes the standard model of particle physics and includes some extensions to the model, such as neutrino masses and CP violation. The next section focuses on grand unified theories and supersymmetry. The book then discusses the general theory of relativity, higher dimensional theories of gravity, and superstring theory. It also introduces various novel ideas and models with extra dimensions and low-scale gravity. The last part of the book deals with astroparticle physics. After an introduction to cosmology, it covers several specialized topics, including baryogenesis, dark matter, dark energy, and brane cosmology.

With numerous equations and detailed references, this lucid book explores the new physics beyond the standard model, showing that particle and astroparticle physics will together reveal unique insights in the next era of physics.

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

Formalism

Particles and Fields

Action principle

Scalar, spinor, and gauge fields

Feynman diagrams

Scattering processes and cross section

Renormalization

Divergences

Radiative corrections

Renormalization of QED

Renormalization in ø4 theory

Group Theory

Matrix groups

Lie groups and Lie algebra

SU(2), SU(3), and SU(n) groups

Group representations

Orthogonal groups

STANDARD MODEL AND BEYOND

Symmetries in Nature

Discrete symmetries

Continuous symmetries

Symmetry breaking

Local symmetries

The Standard Model

Quantum chromodynamics

V–A theory

Electroweak theory

Fermion masses and mixing

Neutrino Masses and Mixing

Dirac and Majorana neutrinos

Models of neutrino masses

Neutrino oscillations

Summary of experiments

CP Violation

CP violation in the quark sector

Strong CP problem

Peccei–Quinn symmetry

CP violation in the leptonic sector

Grand Unification and Supersymmetry

Grand Unified Theory

SU(5) grand unified theories

Particle spectrum

Proton decay

Coupling constant unification

SO(10) grand unified theories

Supersymmetry

Why supersymmetry

Formalism

Gauge theory

Supersymmetry breaking

Supersymmetric Models

Minimal supersymmetric standard model

Supersymmetry breaking models

R-parity violation

Supersymmetry and L violation

Grand unified theories

EXTRA DIMENSIONS

Extended Gravity

Gravity in four dimensions

Gravity in higher dimensions

Supergravity

Extended supergravity

Introduction to Strings

Bosonic strings

Superstrings

Heterotic string

Superstring phenomenology

Duality and branes

Extra Dimensions and Low-Scale Gravity

Large extra dimensions

Phenomenology with large extra dimensions

TeV-scale grand unified theories

Neutrino masses and strong CP problem

Warped extra dimensions

Novelties with Extra Dimensions

Noncompact warped dimensions

Orbifold grand unified theories

Split supersymmetry

Higgsless models

ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS

Introduction to Cosmology

The standard model of cosmology

Evolution of the universe

Primordial nucleosynthesis

Cosmic microwave background radiation

Formation of large scale structures

Cosmic microwave background anisotropy

Inflation

Baryon Asymmetry of the Universe

Baryogenesis

Leptogenesis

Models of leptogenesis

Leptogenesis and neutrino masses

Generic constraints

Dark Matter and Dark Energy

Dark matter and supersymmetry

Models of dark matter

Dark matter searches

Dark energy and quintessense

Neutrino dark energy

Cosmology and Extra Dimensions

Bounds on extra dimensions

Brane cosmology

Dark energy in a brane world

Epilogue

bibliography

References

Index

About the Series

Series in High Energy Physics, Cosmology and Gravitation

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI005000
SCIENCE / Astrophysics & Space Science
SCI051000
SCIENCE / Nuclear Physics
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics