Participatory research has emerged as an approach to producing knowledge that is sufficiently grounded in local needs and realities to support community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), and it is often touted as crucial to the sustainable management of forests and other natural resources. This book analyses the current state of the art of participatory research in CBNRM. Its chapters and case studies examine recent experiences in collaborative forest management, harvesting impacts on forest shrubs, watershed restoration in Native American communities, civic environmentalism in an urban neighborhood and other topics. Although the main geographic focus of the book is the United States, the issues raised are synthesized and discussed in the context of recent critiques of participatory research and CBNRM worldwide. The book's purpose is to provide insights and lessons for academics and practitioners involved in CBNRM in many contexts. The issues it covers will be relevant to participatory research and CBNRM practitioners and students the world over.
Table of Contents
Foreword by Jeffrey Campbell * Negotiating Community, Participation, Knowledge and Power in Participatory Research * Core Criteria and Assessment of Participatory Research * Challenges to Institutionalizing Participatory Research in Community Forestry in the US * From Environmental Racism to Civic Environmentalism: Using Participation and Nature to Develop Community in the Belmont Neighborhood of West Philadelphia * Creating Common Ground: A Collaborative Approach to Environmental Reclamation and Cultural Preservation * Opportunities and Challenges in Community Capacity-building: Lessons from Participatory Research in Macon County, North Carolina * Calibrating Collaboration: Monitoring and Adaptive Management of the Landscape Working Group Process on the Grand Mesa, Uncompahgre and Gunnison National Forests in Western Colorado * Inclusion and Exclusion: Immigrant Forest Workers and Participation in Natural Resource Management * Comparing Participatory Ecological Research in Two Contexts: An Immigrant Community and a Native American Community on Olympic Peninsula, Washington * Battle at the Bridge: Using Participatory Approaches to Develop Community Researchers in Ecological Management * Research on Native Terms: Navigation and Participation Issues for Native Scholars in Community Research * Participation, Relationships and Empowerment * Index
Carl Wilmsen is director of the Community Forestry and Environmental Research Partnerships at University of California, Berkeley. William F. Elmendorf is assistant professor at Pennsylvania State University's School of Forest Resources. Larry Fisher is a senior program manager at the US Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution. Jacquelyn Ross is director of the University of California's Community Futures Initiative. Brinda Sarathy is assistant professor in environmental and intercultural studies at Pitzer College, Claremont, California. Gail Wells is a communications consultant, Corvallis, Oregon.
'This text presents models of research sorely needed in the literature and for work in communities.' Kathleen Martin, assistant professor of ethnic studies, California Polytechnic State University 'Moving beyond a presentation of orthodoxy and idealized goals of participatory research, this book provides honest and critical accounts of efforts in the US to apply participatory research to natural resource management. The case studies and synthesis chapters provide invaluable lessons to aid better understanding of the complexities and challenges involved in this very important approach to research and resource management.' Jill M. Belsky, professor, Dept of Society and Conservation and director, Bolle Center for People and Forests, University of Montana