"1989 certainly represents one of those moments. yet, when IPRA held its 12th General Conference in August 1988, few of the participants imagined that within the space of 13 months popular social movements would topple socialist regimes in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and the German Democratic Republic.Nobody imagined the Berlin wall or the wire fence between Hungary and Austria being dismantled. Even fewer contemplated the overthrow of the Ceaucescu regime in Rumania, pluralistic politics in Bulgaria, a single German economy or a reunited Germany."
Preface /Kevin Clement -- Acknowledgments -- INTRODUCTION -- 1. Introduction to the Book, Elise Boulding -- 2. A Challenge from Latin America./Adolfo Perez Esquivel -- PART ONE Common Security: General and Regional Approaches--Introduction to Part One, Elise Boulding -- 3. The Path to Common Security /Peri Pamir -- 4. The European Experience and its Meaning for Central America /Lothar Brock -- 5. Zone of Peace or U.S. Strategic Primacy? The Politics of Security in the Caribbean /Dion E. Phillips -- 6. Peace Initiatives in Africa: Prospects and Realities /Peter Bushel Okoh -- 7.Common Security: Three Conflicts in the Middle East -- Sanaa Osseiran -- 8.Common Security in the Asia-Pacific Region /Kevin Clement -- 9.Stable Peace Among Nations: A Learning Process /Kenneth E.Boulding -- PART TWO Cultures Peace: From Violence to Nonviolence -- Introduction to Part Two, Elise Boulding -- 10.Ten Bases for a Culture of Peace /Vicenc Fisas Armengol -- 11.Prom Violent to Nonviolent Discourse /Chaiwat Satha-Anand -- 12.The Earth as Peace Teacher /Patricia M.Mische. -- 13. Conflict and Values: A Study of Grassroots Conflicts in India. /Ranjit Chaudhuri -- 14. Citizenship and Rural Social Conflicts in Brazil /Alfredo Wagner Berno de Almeida -- 15. The Role of Social Conditioning in Male Violence -- Ian M. Harris -- PART THREE Cultures of Peace: Voices from the Periphery Introduction to Part Three /Elise Boulding -- 16. Human and Peoples’ Rights in the Banjul Charter /Amechi Uchegbu -- 17. Development Through the Eyes of a Quid /Georg Sorensen -- 18. Underdevelopment and the Oppression of Women: A Feminist Perspective, Birgit Brock-Utne -- 19. Women Under Dictatorship and Military Regime: The Case of Chile /Maria Elena Valenzuela -- PART FOUR The Agents of Peace Cultures -- introduction to Part Four, Elise Boulding -- 20. Creating Global Visions for Peace Movements /Chadwick F. Alger -- 21. A Paradigm for the New Peace Movements in Western Europe, Katsuya Kodama -- 22. Mass Communicators for Peace: Another Way /Kusum Singh -- 23. Research Network on the Churches’ Role in Peace and Development Project Outline /Roger Williamson -- Appendix on the International Peace Research Association -- About the Editors and ConbIbutors.