Have we reached an end to the era of peaceful third party intervention in conflict management and resolution? In the 1990s, with the ending of the Cold War, the intervention of third parties as a non-violent means of negotiating settlements of intra-state conflicts gained prominence but the emphasis in the twenty-first century has been increasingly on military responses. Peaceful Intervention in Intra-State Conflicts: Norwegian Involvement in the Sri Lankan Peace Process is an in-depth, impartial discussion on the background, decision making processes and procedures and related actions in the Norwegian facilitated peace process in Sri Lanka that gradually shifted towards a military solution. It provides the reader with evidence based comprehensive analysis on the attempts of peaceful third party intervention in a complex ethno-separatist intra-state conflict.
’This book provides a comprehensive and incisive analysis of the failure of the Norwegian mediation to facilitate a negotiated settlement to the protracted ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka. A well-researched study that draws on a wide variety of sources, this book makes several important policy-relevant findings. It is an important contribution at a time when the usefulness of third-party mediation is being re-examined.’ Amal Jayawardane, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka ’The end of the Cold War led to a spate of negotiated settlements of several seemingly intractable conflicts. The expectation for "soft" powers with moral authority to act as intermediaries in identity based conflicts in particular was high. This was the background to Norwegian mediation of the Sri Lankan ethno-nationalist (separatist) civil war. This book is a well-researched, well presented account of how the Norwegian-led process unravelled to end in a decisive military victory for the state. I expect this study will be widely cited.’ Indra de Soysa, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway