Peasants and Jews in Medieval Germany
Studies in Cultural, Social and Economic History
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The studies collected here centre on the social and economic life of medieval Germany, within a broader European context. The first three articles engage the day-to-day workings of rural society: literature, verbal attack and the language of mediated settlement of conflicts lead to a nuanced view of social hierarchy, in which the meek too have a say. The next group examines some major elements of rural life, dealing with technology, resources, ecology, transport, communication and credit. In the second part, the author focuses on the life of the Jews in Germany, first charting the process of settlement of Jews in Germany, the dynamics of social stratification and household composition, and the impact of economics and persecution on settlement patterns. A case study uncovers the motives and steps that led up to the expulsion of the Jews of Nuremberg in 1498. These themes are followed up into the early modern period, when German Jewry mostly came to live a village life. The last studies deal with the economic history of medieval European Jews, including professions other than moneylending, and with the function of women in economic life.
Table of Contents
Contents: Preface; The social history of peasant speech: Asking the way and telling the law: speech in medieval Germany; SchimpfwÃ¶rter im Dorf des SpÃ¤tmittelalters; Ethics, emotions and self-interest: rural Bavaria in the later Middle Ages; Making do with little: studies in the economic history of the German peasantry: Agricultural progress and agricultural technology in medieval Germany: an alternative model; Lords and peasants: a reappraisal of medieval economic relationships; Peasants of the mountains, peasants of the valleys and medieval state building: the case of the Alps; Hauling away in late medieval Bavaria: the economics of inland transport in an agrarian market; Local credit in an agrarian economy: the case of Bavaria (14th and 15th centuries); Immigration, migration, community and expulsion: studies in the social history of German Jews: The formation of a diaspora: the settlement of Jews in the medieval German Reich; Jewish migrations to, within and from medieval Germany; Siedlungsstruktur der Juden Mitteleuropas im Wandel vom Mittelalter zur Neuzeit; Die soziale und demographische Struktur der jÃ¼dischen Gemeinde NÃ¼rnbergs im Jahre 1489; Umb gemeyns nutz und nottdurfft willen. Obrigkeitliches und jurisdiktionelles Denken bei der Austreibung der NÃ¼rnberger Juden 1498/99; Aspects of stratification of early modern German Jewry: population history and village Jews; Making a living: studies in the economic history of European Jews: Jews and commerce: modern fancies and medieval realities; JÃ¼dische Geldleihe im Mittelalter; Geldleiher und sonst nichts? Zur wirtschaftlichen TÃ¤tigkeit der Juden im deutschen Sprachraum des SpÃ¤tmittelalters; Der jÃ¼dische Geldhandel in der Wirtschaft des deutschen SpÃ¤tmittelalters: NÃ¼rnberg 1350-1499; Die jÃ¼dische Frau im Erwerbsleben des SpÃ¤tmittelalters; Der Mankus - eine spÃ¤tmittelalterliche Auferstehung; Between impotence and power - the Jews in the economy and polity of medieval Europe; Index.
Michael Toch is the Conrad M. Black Professor in Ancient and Medieval History at The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel