Penal Abolitionism and Transformative Justice in Brazil
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Penal Abolitionism and Transformative Justice in Brazil discusses how penal abolitionism provides fundamental theoretical bases and practical references for the construction of a transformative justice in Brazil, supporting the claim that justice is a socially constructed conception and that victims do not unanimously stand for punishment.
The book explores how the active participation of the protagonists of a conflict in a face-to-face negotiation of symbolic reparation, can produce a sense of justice without the need to punish or impose suffering on anyone. Mapping the ways that restorative justice in Brazil has distanced itself from the potential of transformative justice, to the extent that it fails to politicize the conflict and give voice to victims, the book shows how it has resulted in becoming just a new version of penal alternatives with correctionalist content. Moving away from traditional criminal justice language and also from conservative approaches to restorative justice, the author argues that the communicative potential of the transformative kind of redress can be dissociated from the unproved assumption that legal punishment is essential or even likely to achieve justice or deterrence. The arguments are grounded in the Brazilian reality, where life is marked by deep social inequalities and a high level of police violence. By providing a review of the literature on restorative justice, transformative justice, and abolitionism, the book contextualizes the abolitionist debate in Brazil and its history in the 19th century.
Penal Abolitionism and Transformative Justice in Brazil is important reading for students and scholars who study punishment and penal abolitionism, to think about what it is possible to do in societies so deeply marked by social injustice and a history of oppression.
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1. THERE IS NO RATIONALE FOR PUNISHMENT
CHAPTER 2. FROM RESTORATIVE TO TRANSFORMATIVE JUSTICE: ABOLITIONIST TENETS AND CRITERIA
CHAPTER 3. "I JUST WANT JUSTICE TO BE DONE"
CHAPTER 4. SOCIAL CONTROL AND TRANSFORMATIVE JUSTICE: A THEORETICAL PROPOSAL TOWARDS A FOUNDATION FOR ACCOUNTABILITY
CHAPTER 5. TRANSFORMATIVE JUSTICE AS A NEW POLITICAL ALPHABET FOR BRAZIL
André R. Giamberardino is Professor of the Postgraduate Programs in Law and Sociology of the Federal University of Paranà (UFPR) and current Chief Public Defender of the Public Defender's Office of Paraná, Brazil. Previously he was Visiting Scholar at Columbia Law School (2019-2020) and Chief of Staff of the Ministry of Public Security of Brazil (2018). Professor Giamberardino received his PhD in Law from UFPR (2014) as well as a Master's degree in Law from UFPR (2007) and in Criminology from the Università degli Studi di Padova, Italy (2009). His research and publications focus on prison, punishment and criminal justice topics. He has recently published the books "Sociocriminologia" and "Comentários à Lei de Execução Penal" (in Portuguese).