Gender, Bodies, Spaces, in Chekhov's Drama and Stanislavski's Theatre
In Performing Emotions, Peta Tait's central argument is that performing emotions in realism is also performing gender identity. Emotions are phenomena that are performable by bodies, which have cultural identities. In turn, these create cultural spaces of emotions. This study integrates scholarship on realist drama, theatre and approaches to acting, with interdisciplinary theories of emotion, phenomenology and gender theory. With chapters devoted to masculinity and femininity specifically, as well as to emotions generally, it investigates social beliefs about emotions through Chekhov's four major plays in translation, and English language commentaries on Constantin Stanislavski's direction (of the play's first productions) and his approaches to acting, and Olga Knipper's acting of the central women characters. Emotions exists as social relationships; they are imagined and embodied as gendered. Tait demonstrates how theatrical emotions are predicated on social performances and vice versa. In Chekhov's plays, which came to dominate a twentieth century theatre of emotions, characters interpret their emotions intertextually in relation to other theatrical and fictional narratives of emotions. Tait here interrogates these plays as sustained explorations of the inherent theatricality of characters expressing emotions from their phenomenological awareness. A theatrical language of gendered interiority is produced in the acting of emotions in Stanislavski's early realistic theatre. Alternatively, remapping the performances of emotional bodies can destabilise the culturally constructed boundary separating an inner, private self and an outer, social self in culturally produced geographies of emotions. As Tait shows, emotions can be performed as indivisible spatialities. Performing Emotions integrates theories of theatre, gender identity and emotion to investigate how sexual difference impacts on the representations of emotions. The book develops an accumulative analysis of the meanings of emotions in twentieth century realist drama, theatre and acting.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introducing Emotions: The politics of emotions in theatre; Discursive approaches; Defining emotions: Hope and Despair: Theatrical Emotions, Hysteria and Masculinity: Self-dramatisation and Chekhov's characters;The Seagull (1896); Reverberating fictions and love; The characterisation of hysteria; Uncle Vanya (1897); A crisis of masculine identity; A gendered economy of emotion; The social meaning of theatrical emotions ; Loss, Nostalgia and Yearning: Representations of a Feminine Self: Literary love; Three Sisters (1901); Representations of feminine emotions; Emotional spaces; The Cherry Orchard (1903); Emotional geographies; Embodied emotions and performative acts; Femininity as excess emotion; Happy to Sad: Stanislavski's Theatrical Logic Embodied: Acting emotions; Acting being, belief and truth; Controversy over the director's realist logic; Social bodies act inner emotions?; Training repetitions of bodies; Laughter and Tears: Interiority as Bodily Control Over Emotions: Olga Knipper, Stanislavski and acting naturally; Theoretical mastery over interiority; A modern theatre of private love; Staging natural and deep; Performing Emotional Bodies: Phenomenological bodies per/form; Brecht's separation of emotion; The social performance of emotion; Display rules and performative identities; Emotions and corporeal subjectivity; Transgressive emotional performances; Conclusion; Bibliography; Index.
'No other study looks so extensively at the embodiment of gendered emotion positioned between Chekhov as playwright and Stanislavsky as director. In the process, Tait pays new respect to Knipper's artistic work. Moreover, feminists tend to reject the Stanislavsky System in favor of Brecht's theatrical approach, and Peta Tait challenges this overly simplified view in her unique study about the performance of gendered emotion. While post-modernist scholarship often uses theatrical metaphors to describe "the performative", Tait infuses her valuable analysis with the complexities of actual theatrical performance. In the process, she raises essential questions about the differential performance of emotion by women and men.' Sharon Marie Carnicke, Professor of Theatre & Slavic Studies and Associate Dean of Theatre, University of Southern California '... this study provides a unique angle from which to view the plays of one of the most significant modern dramatists and his first two important interperters.' Journal of Comparative Drama