These studies examine the ways in which succeeding democratic regimes have dealt with, or have ignored (and in several cases sugar-coated) an authoritarian or totalitarian past from 1943 to the present. They treat the relationship with democratization and the different ways in which collective memory is formed and dealt with, or ignored and suppressed. Previous books have examined only restricted sets of countries, such as western or eastern Europe, or Latin America. The present volume treats a broader range of cases than any preceding account, and also a much broader time-span, investigating diverse historical and cultural contexts, and the role of national identity and nationalism, studying the aftermath of both fascist and communist regimes in both Europe and Asia in an interdisciplinary framework, while the conclusion provides a more complete comparative perspective than will be found in any other work.
The book will be of interest to historians and political scientists, and to those interested in fascism, communism, legacies of war, democratization, collective memory and transitional justice.
This book was previously published as a special issue of Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction Anatoly M. Khazanov and Stanley G. Payne 2. Post-Totalitarian Narratives in Germany: Reflections on Two Dictatorships after 1945 and 1989 Jeffrey Herf 3. The ‘Examination of Conscience’ of the Nation: The Lost Debate About the ‘Collective Guilt’ in Italy, 1943–5 Luca La Rovere 4. Negotiating War Legacies and Postwar Democracy in Japan Franziska Seraphim 5. Innocent Culprits – Silent Communities. On the Europeanisation of the Memory of the Shoah in Austria Eva Kovacs 6. Should France be Ashamed of its History? Coming to Terms with the Past in France and its Eastern Borderlands Laird Boswell 7. From Invisibility to Power: Spanish Victims and the Manipulation of their Symbolic Capital Ignacio Fernández de Mata 8. The Legacy of the Authoritarian Past in Portugal’s Democratisation, 1974–6 António Costa Pinto 9. Whom to Mourn and Whom to Forget? (Re)constructing Collective Memory in Contemporary Russia Anatoly M. Khazanov 10. Accomplices Without Perpetrators: What Do Economists Have to Do with Transitional Justice in Hungary? János Mátyás Kovács 11. Crime and Punishment in Communist Czechoslovakia: The Case of General Heliodor Píka and his Prosecutor Karel Vas Milan Hauner 12. Cambodia Deals with its Past: Collective Memory, Demonisation and Induced Amnesia David Chandler 13. Neither Truth nor Reconciliation: Political Violence and the Singularity of Memory in Post-socialist Mongolia Christopher Kaplonski 14. Raising Sheep on Wolf Milk: The Politics and Dangers of Misremembering the Past in China Edward Friedman 15. How to Deal with the Past? Anatoly M. Khazanov and Stanley G. Payne
Anatoly M. Khazanov is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Stanley G. Payne is Hilldale-Jaume Vicens Vives Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.