Perspectives on the Human Controller
Essays in Honor of Henk G. Stassen
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Written in honor of Henk Stassen, one of the most prolific contributors to this research and literature, the book provides an up-to-date summary on human control of mechanical things. This includes people controlling the mechanical movements of their own limbs, extensions of their limbs such as prostheses (limb replacements), orthoses (limb braces), hand tools, or telemanipulators. It also consists of people controlling the mechanical movements of vehicles that they ride in such as aircraft, automobiles, and trains. Finally, it includes movements of discrete products through manufacturing plants, or chemicals and other fluids through process plants such as refineries or nuclear power stations.
Within academe or industry, these various types of human control are usually found in very different research and engineering communities. The first is generally regarded as a subfield of biomechanics and more generally of biomedical engineering -- the hospital or medical clinic. Industry has mostly ignored the challenges of prosthetics and orthotics because there is not so much money to be made; payers are typically third party insurers of the government itself. In contrast, the problems of controlling vehicles (particularly aircraft and military vehicles) and industrial plants is what has driven the field of control -- both the science and technology. In the field of robotics, where biomechanics is obviously a model, industry has experienced the effects of expecting too much too soon, and in some cases over-investing and later being forced to withdraw in disappointment.
Table of Contents
Contents:Introduction and Overview. T.B. Sheridan, From Biomechanical Control to Large Systems. T. van Lunteren, Man-Machine System at Delft, an Inside Story. H. Stassen, Curriculum Vitae. Part I:Control of Body Mechanisms, Rehabilitation and Design of Aids for the Disabled. F.C.T. van der Helm, G.M. Pronk, Musculoskeletal Systems: The Human Shoulder. E. van Daalen, R. Jaspers, PLEXUS: A Medical Knowledge Based System for Brachial Plexus Injuries. J. Dankelman, J.A.E. Spaan, Identification of the Coronary Circulation. T. van Lunteren, E. van Lunteren-Gerritsen, In Search of Design Specifications for Arm Prostheses. J.C. Cool, Design of Anthropomorphic Appliances. W. van Haselen, Rehabilitation of Persons with Upper Extremity Defects in a Multidisciplinary Treatment Team. J. Goezinne, The Development of a Lightspot-Operated Communication Aid. L. de Vries, B. Wenneker, STAP, A System for Training of Aphasia Patients. H. Bakker, MD, T. van Lunteren, Some Unexpected Results of a Study on Information Processing for Use in the Rehabilitation of Patients With Spinal Cord Injuries. Part II:Human Control of Vehicles and Manipulation. T.B. Sheridan, Trends in Human Control of Aircraft, Railway Trains, and Highway Vehicles. H. Jex, Human Factors in the Gossamer Human-Powered Aircraft Flights. B. Papenhuizen, Navigation Simulation P. Breedveld, The Development of Human-Machine Interfaces for Manually Controlled Space Manipulators. G.J.F. Smets, Visualisation in Telemanipulation Control. C.A. Grimbergen, Minimally Invasive Surgery; Human-Machine Aspects and Engineering Approaches. W. Levison, S. Baron, Continuous-Discrete Control-Theoretic Models for Human-Machine Performance. Part III:Human Control of Large Complex Systems. P.A. Wieringa, R.A. van Wijk, Operator Support and Supervisory Control. G. Johannsen, Human-Computer Interfaces for Supervisory Control. N. Moray, Models of Models of...Mental Models. A.P. Macwan, Modeling Human Operator and Human-Machine Interface for Dynamic Reliability Analysis. W.B. Rouse, Control Models of Design Processes: Understanding and Supporting Design and Designers. Part IV:Concluding Remarks. H.G. Stassen, A Concluding Perspective on Human-Machine Systems.
"The editors have done an excellent job of weaving the chapters together, of bringing perspective, and of encouraging readers to think in more generalist terms about human-machine systems such as those found in rehabilitation R&D."
—Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development