Pesticides in Stream Sediment and Aquatic Biota: Distribution, Trends, and Governing Factors, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Pesticides in Stream Sediment and Aquatic Biota

Distribution, Trends, and Governing Factors, 1st Edition

By Lisa H. Nowell, Paul D. Capel, Peter D. Dileanis

CRC Press

1,040 pages

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Hardback: 9781566704694
pub: 1999-12-28
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Description

More than 20 years after the ban of DDT and other organochlorine pesticides, pesticides continue to be detected in air, rain, soil, surface water, bed sediment, and aquatic and terrestrial biota throughout the world. Recent research suggests that low levels of some of these pesticides may have the potential to affect the development, reproduction, and behavior of fish and wildlife, and possibly humans.

Pesticides in Stream Sediment and Aquatic Biota: Distribution, Trends, and Governing Factors assesses the occurrence and behavior of pesticides in bed sediment and aquatic biota-the two major compartments of the hydrologic system where organochlorine pesticides are most likely to accumulate. This book collects, for the first time, results from several hundred monitoring studies and field experiments, ranging in scope from individual sites to the entire nation. Comprehensive tables provide concise summaries of study locations, pesticides analyzed, and study outcomes.

Comprehensive and extensively illustrated, Pesticides in Stream Sediment and Aquatic Biota: Distribution, Trends, and Governing Factors evaluates the sources, environmental fate, geographic distribution, and long-term trends of pesticides in bed sediment and aquatic biota. The book focuses on organochlorine pesticides, but also assesses the potential for currently used pesticides to be found in bed sediment and aquatic biota. Topics covered in depth include the effect of land use on pesticide occurrence, mechanisms of pesticide uptake and accumulation by aquatic biota, and the environmental significance of observed levels of pesticides in stream sediment and aquatic biota.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Purpose

Previous Reviews

Approach

Characteristics of Studies Reviewed

General Design Features

Geographic Distribution

Temporal Distribution

Sampling Matrices

Target Analytes

Analytical Detection Limits

National Distribution and Trends

Pesticide Occurrence

National Pesticide Use

Geographic Distribution in Relation to Use

Long-Term Trends

Governing Processes

Pesticide Sources

Behavior and Fate of Pesticides in Bed Sediment

Behavior and Fate of Pesticides in Aquatic Biota

Analysis of Key Topics - Sources, Behavior, and Transport

Effect of Land Use on Pesticide Contamination

Pesticide Uptake and Accumulation by Aquatic Biota

Seasonal Changes in Pesticide Residues

Physical and Chemical Properties of Pesticides in Sediment and Aquatic Biota

Composition of Total DDT as an Indicator of DDT Sources and Period of Use

Analysis of Key Topics - Environmental Significance

Effects of Pesticide Contaminants on Aquatic Organisms and Fish-Eating Wildlife

Effects of Pesticide Contaminants in Aquatic Biota on Human Health

Summary and Conclusion

Appendix A: Table 2.1 Pesticides in bed sediment and aquatic biota from rivers and estuaries in the United States: National and multistate monitoring studies

Appendix B: Table 2.2 Pesticides in bed sediment and aquatic biota from rivers in the United States: State and local monitoring studies

Appendix C: Table 2.3 Pesticides in bed sediment and aquatic biota from rivers in the United States: Process and matrix distribution studies

Appendix D: Common Names and Taxonomic Classifications of Aquatic Organisms Sampled in the Studies Reviewed

Appendix E: Glossary of Common and Chemical Names of Pesticides

References

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC003000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General