This book, Petroleum Nanobiotechnology: Modern Applications for a Sustainable Future, explores the unique fusion of biotechnology and nanotechnology as applied to the different sectors of the oil and gas industry. It is a concise resource on the most recent and most up-to-date bottom-up fabrication techniques in petroleum nanobiotechnology, covering the advantages of biofabrication over chemical or physical techniques from the point of being more cost-effective, ecofriendly, biocompatibly superior, and highly stable.
The volume covers the important topic of microbial and phytosynthesis of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles. The key applications discussed here include the application of these nanoparticles in different sectors of the oil and gas industry, with special emphasis on antimicrobial applications, reduction of environmental pollutants, and bio-upgrading of petroleum and its fractions. The discussion of each application is augmented with a critical review of the potential for continued development.
The book first provides an overview of petroleum microbiology and nanotechnology and proceeds to consider phytosynthesis of metal nanoparticles, microbial synthesis of metal nanoparticles, biosynthesis of metal oxide nanoparticles, nanobiotechnology and mitigation of microbial-influenced corrosion in petroleum industry, applications of nanobiotechnology in petroleum refining, and how nanobiotechnology can be used for petroleum wastewater treatment.
This book covers the very important principle of nanobiotechnology as applied in the petroleum industry and how it can be used for:
- Oil recovery
- Microbial enhanced oil recovery
- Petroleum refinery, such as, for example, desulfurization, denitrogenation, demetallization, biotransformation, and bio-upgrading
- Bioremediation of oil polluted soil and water
- Mitigation of microbial corrosion and bio-fouling
- Toxicity of nano-materials and its obstacles upon application
- Nanobiotechnology in petroleum industry and the 17 goals of sustainable development
The advantages of the application of nanobiotechnology in the oil industries are enormous and clearly outweigh any negligible cons. The success can have a huge impact on the exploration, production, refining, mitigation of corrosion, waste management, and economics. This informative volume will be valuable for petroleum engineers and petroleum microbiologists, scientists, and researchers concerned with nanotechnology, environmental pollution, petroleum biotechnology, petroleum microbiology, petroleum refining, and the petroleum industry in general.
Table of Contents
1. Petroleum Microbiology and Nanotechnology 2. Phytosynthesis of Metal Nanoparticles 3. Microbial Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles 4. Biosynthesis of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles 5. Nanobiotechnology and Mitigation of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in Petroleum Industry 6. Application of Nanobiotechnology in Petroleum Refining 7. Nanobiotechnology and Petroleum Wastewater Treatment 8. Future Aspects of Nanobiotechnology in Petroleum Industry
Nour Shafik El-Gendy, PhD, is a professor of petroleum and environmental biotechnology. She is also Head Manager of the Petroleum Biotechnology Laboratory and former Acting Vice Head of the Process Design and Development Department at the Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute. Additionally, she is Head of the Technology Innovation Support Center, Vice Head of the Center of Excellence, and a member of the Entrepreneurship Hub at October University for Modern Sciences and Art. She has published book chapters, books, and over 100 research papers and also acts as an editor and reviewer for many international journals.
Hussein Nabil Nassar, PhD, is a researcher of petroleum and environmental biotechnology. He is a member of the Petroleum Biotechnology Laboratory of the Process Design & Development Department at the Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute. He is a lecturer in the Microbiology Department at October University for Modern Sciences and Arts. He has published book chapters, a book, and over 40 research papers and has also acted as editor and reviewer for several international journals.
James G. Speight, PhD, has doctorate degrees in chemistry, geological sciences, and petroleum engineering and has over 50 years of experience in various areas of petroleum science. He is the author of more than 85 books on petroleum science, petroleum engineering, biosciences, and environmental sciences as well as books relating to ethics and ethical issues. Dr. Speight was elected to the Russian Academy of Sciences and awarded the Gold Medal of Honor for outstanding contributions to the field of petroleum sciences. He also received the Scientists without Borders Medal of Honor of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Einstein Medal.