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Petroleum Nanobiotechnology
Modern Applications for a Sustainable Future



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ISBN 9781774630051
September 1, 2021 Forthcoming by Apple Academic Press
522 Pages

 
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Book Description

This book, Petroleum Nanobiotechnology: Modern Applications for a Sustainable Future, explores the unique fusion of biotechnology and nanotechnology as applied to the different sectors of the oil and gas industry. It is a concise resource on the most recent and most up-to-date bottom-up fabrication techniques in petroleum nanobiotechnology, covering the advantages of biofabrication over chemical or physical techniques from the point of being more cost-effective, ecofriendly, biocompatibly superior, and highly stable.

The volume covers the important topic of microbial and phytosynthesis of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles. The key applications discussed here include the application of these nanoparticles in different sectors of the oil and gas industry, with special emphasis on antimicrobial applications, reduction of environmental pollutants, and bioupgrading of petroleum and its fractions. The discussion of each application is augmented with a critical review of the potential for continued development.

The book first provides an overview of petroleum microbiology and nanotechnology and proceeds to consider phytosynthesis of metal nanoparticles, microbial synthesis of metal nanoparticles, biosynthesis of metal oxide nanoparticles, nanobiotechnology and mitigation of microbial-influenced corrosion in petroleum industry, applications of nanobiotechnology in petroleum refining, and how nanobiotechnology can be used for petroleum wastewater treatment.

This book covers the very important principle of nanobiotechnology as applied in the petroleum industry and how it can be used for

  • Oil recovery
  • Microbial enhanced oil recovery
  • Petroleum refinery, such as, for example, desulfurization, denitrogenation, demetallization, biotransformation, and bio-upgrading
  • Bioremediation of oil polluted soil and water
  • Mitigation of microbial corrosion and bio-fouling
  • Toxicity of nano-materials and its obstacles upon application
  • Nanobiotechnology in petroleum industry and the 17 goals of sustainable development.

The advantages of the application of nanobiotechnology in the oil industries are enormous and clearly outweigh any negligible cons. The success can have a huge impact on the exploration, production, refining, mitigation of corrosion, waste management, and economics. This informative volume will be valuable for petroleum engineers and petroleum microbiologists, scientists, and researchers concerned with nanotechnology, environmental pollution, petroleum biotechnology, petroleum microbiology, petroleum refining, and the petroleum industry in general.

Table of Contents

1. Petroleum Microbiology and Nanotechnology

2. Phytosynthesis of Metal Nanoparticles

3. Microbial Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles

4. Biosynthesis of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

5. Nanobiotechnology and Mitigation of Microbial-Influenced Corrosion in Petroleum Industry

6. Application of Nanobiotechnology in Petroleum Refining

7. Nanobiotechnology and Petroleum Wastewater Treatment

8. The Future

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Author(s)

Biography

Nour Shafik El-Gendy, PhD, is a Professor in the field of Petroleum and Environmental Biotechnology. She is the Head Manager of the Petroleum Biotechnology Laboratory, Former Acting and Vice Head of Process Design & Development Department, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI). Dr. El-Gendy is the Head of Technology Innovation Support Center (TISC) office, Vice Head of the Center of Excellence, and a member of the Entrepreneurship Hub at October University for Modern Sciences and Arts, MSA University, Egypt. Dr. El-Gendy is the Coordinator of Nanobiotechnology Postgraduate Program, Faculty of Nanotechnology for postgraduate studies, Cairo University, Sheikh Zayed Branch Campus. She is a member of the Office of Technical, Monitoring and Performance Evaluation, Egyptian Academy of Scientific Research and Technology (ASRT)–Water, Energy and Environment Committee. She is the former Advisor for the Egyptian Minster of Environment. Dr. El-Gendy is expert in the fields of nanobiotechnology, environmental pollution, wastewater treatment, biofuels, petroleum upgrading, green chemistry, sustainable development, climate change, valorization of wastes, and biocorrosion. She has published nine chapters, four books, and 111 research papers, and has supervised 27 MSc and PhD theses. Dr. El-Gendy is also an editor and reviewer of 56 and 108 international journals, respectively. She has participated also as PI, Co-PI, or research member in many international research projects concerned with bioethanol, algal biodiesel, application of nanobiotechnology in upgrading of petroleum, and bioremediation of petroleum polluted environment. Dr. El-Gendy has participated in 51 international workshops and training courses and 78 international conferences and seminars. Dr. El-Gendy is also a member in many international associations and organizations. Her biography is recorded in Who’s Who in Science and Engineering.

Hussein Nabil Nassar, PhD, is a researcher of petroleum and environmental biotechnology. He is also a member of the Petroleum Biotechnology Laboratory of the Process Design & Development Department at the Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI). He is a Lecturer in the Microbiology Department of the Faculty of Pharmacy at October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA). He is also a member in the Technology Innovation Support Center (TISC) office and the Center of Excellence at the same university. Nassar is also the Manager of Applied Microbiology Lab., Faculty of Nanotechnology for postgraduate studies, Cairo University, Sheikh Zayed Branch Campus. He has published six book chapters, a book, and 35 research papers, and has supervised PhD theses in the fields of biofuels; biocorrosion; environmental pollution; bioremediation; valorization of agro-industrial wastes; wastewater treatment; and nano-, environmental, and petroleum biotechnology. Dr. Nassar has also acted as editor and reviewer for several international journals. He participated as a research member in research projects concerning bioethanol from lignocellulosic wastes, application of nanobiotechnology in upgrading of petroleum, and bioremediation of petroleum polluted environment. Dr. Nassar has participated in many international workshops, training courses, and international conferences. He is a member of many international associations concerned with petroleum industry and environmental health and sciences.

James G. Speight, PhD, has doctorate degrees in chemistry, geological sciences, and petroleum engineering and is the author of more than 85 books on petroleum science, petroleum engineering, biosciences, and environmental sciences as well as books relating to ethics and ethical issues. Dr. Speight has more than 50 years of experience in areas associated with (i) the properties, recovery, and refining of reservoir fluids, (ii) conventional petroleum, heavy oil, and tar sand bitumen, (iii) the properties and refining of natural gas, gaseous fuels, crude oil quality, (iv) the production and properties of petrochemicals from various sources, (v) the properties and refining of biomass, biofuels, biogas, and the generation of bioenergy, (vi) reactor and catalyst technology, and (vii) the environmental and toxicological effects of crude oil and crude oil product. His work has also focused on safety issues, environmental effects, remediation, reactors associated with the production and use of fuels and biofuels, process economics, as well as ethics in science and engineering and in ethic in the universities. In 1996, Dr. Speight was elected to the Russian Academy of Sciences and awarded the Gold Medal of Honor that same year for outstanding contributions to the field of petroleum sciences. In 2001, he received the Scientists without Borders Medal of Honor of the Russian Academy of Sciences and was also awarded the Einstein Medal for outstanding contributions and service in the field of Geological Sciences. In 2005, the Academy awarded Dr. Speight the Gold Medal - Scientists without Frontiers, Russian Academy of Sciences, in recognition of Continuous Encouragement of Scientists to Work Together Across International Borders. In 2007 Dr. Speight received the Methanex Distinguished Professor award at the University of Trinidad and Tobago in recognition of excellence in research. In 2018 he was awarded the American Excellence Award for Excellence in Client Solutions, United States Institute of Trade and Commerce. Washington, DC.