Physical Chemistry of Macromolecules: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Physical Chemistry of Macromolecules

1st Edition

By Gary Patterson

CRC Press

152 pages | 28 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780824794675
pub: 2007-03-09
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Description

Written by a chemical physicist specializing in macromolecular physics, this book brings to life the definitive work of celebrated scientists who combined multidisciplinary perspectives to pioneer the field of polymer science. The author relates firsthand the unique environment that fostered the experimental breakthroughs underlying some of today’s most widely accepted theories, mathematical principles, and models for characterizing macromolecules.

Physical Chemistry of Macromolecules employs the unifying principles of physical chemistry to define the behavior, structure, and intermolecular properties of macromolecules in both solution and bulk states. The text explains the experimental techniques, such as light scattering, and results used to support current theories. Examining both equilibrium and transport properties, the book describes the properties of dilute, semi-dilute, and concentrated polymer solutions, including compressible fluids. It then covers amorphous liquids and glasses, and polymer networks. The final chapters discuss the properties of solutions containing stiff-chain molecules and polyelectrolytes. Topics also include the macromolecular nature of rubber elasticity, viscoelasticity, and the distribution of relaxation times associated with the glass transition.

By explaining the experimental and mathematical basis for the theories and models used to define macromolecular behavior, Physical Chemistry of Macromolecules demonstrates how these techniques and models can be applied to analyze and predict the properties of new polymeric materials.

Reviews

"This is a well-written and useful book . . . makes an important contribution and fills a gap in the range of available textbooks . . . I enjoyed reading the book and it will find a permanent place on my bookshelf."

– Stu Whittington, University of Toronto, in Materials Today, October 2007, Vol. 10, No. 10

"I would recommend this book for library shelves, and as reference material for advanced courses."

– Marie Walsh, Department of Applied Science, Limerick Institute of Technology, in Physical Sciences Educational Review, June 2008, Vol. 9, No. 16

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO MACROMOLECULES

What is a Macromolecule?

The Discovery of Macromolecules

The Structure of Macromolecules in Solution

The Remarkable Properties of Pure Bulk Polymers

Building New Materials Using Macromolecules

Suggestions for Further Reading

DESCRIBING POLYMER STRUCTURE

Geometric Structure of Macromolecules

Bond Probability Distributions

Rotational Isomeric State Approximation

Mean-Squared End-to-End Distance

Statistics of the Random Coil

Chain Flexibility and the Persistence Length

MEASURING POLYMER STRUCTURE

Polymer Composition and Sequence Distribution

NMR Spectroscopy of Polymers

Measuring Local Conformations of Polymers

Vibrational Spectroscopy

Conformational Statistics of N-Hexane

Global Measures of the Chain Structure

Light Scattering From Dilute Polymer Solutions

THE MACROMOLECULAR BASIS OF RUBBER ELASTICITY

The Thermodynamics of Ideal-Rubber Elasticity

The Statistical Theory of Rubber Elasticity

Thermoelastic Inversion Point

The Force of Extension of Real Rubber

STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF POLYMERS IN DILUTE SOLUTION

The Structure of Macromolecules in Dilute Solution

Flory Theory of Chain Expansion

Thermodynamics of Two Component Solutions

Osmotic Pressure

Flory Theory of the Second Virial Coefficient

Light Scattering From Two-Component Solutions

Flory Theory of Light Scattering in Dilute Solution

Diffusion of Particles in Solution

Kirkwood Theory of Macromolecular Friction

Concentration Fluctuations and Mutual Diffusion

The Viscosity of Dilute Polymer Solutions

The Effect of Molecular-Weight Polydispersity

STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF POLYMERS IN SEMIDILUTE SOLUTION

The Remarkable Behavior of Semidilute Solutions

Microscopic Theory of Semidilute Solutions

Viscosity in Semidilute Solutions

Structure Near Overlap

STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF POLYMERS IN CONCENTRATED SOLUTION

Flory-Huggins Theory of Concentrated Solutions

The Thermodynamics of Swollen Rubber: Gels

Light Scattering From Concentrated Solutions

Real Solutions and the Flory–Orwoll Theory

Diffusion in Concentrated Solutions

Viscoelasticity in Concentrated Polymer Solutions

STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF POLYMERS IN THE PURE AMORPHOUS LIQUID STATE

Free Volume and Viscosity

Viscosity of Low-Molecular-Weight Chain Liquids

Phenomenology of the Glass Transition

Temperature and Pressure Dependence of Relaxation Near the Glass Transition

STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF RODLIKE POLYMERS IN SOLUTION

Characterization of Rodlike Polymers in Solution

Second Osmotic Virial Coefficient

Thermodynamics of Rodlike Polymer Solutions

STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF POLYELECTROLYTE CHAINS IN SOLUTION

Structure of Linear Polyelectrolyte Chains in Dilute Solution

Thermodynamics of Polyelectrolyte Solutions

Viscosity of Polyelectrolyte Solutions

References

Index

* Each contains an Introduction section

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
TEC055000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Textiles & Polymers