The development of nanostructured materials represents a new and fast evolving application of recent research in physics and chemistry. Novel experimental tools coupled with new theory have made this possible. Topics covered in this book include nanocrystals, semiconductor heterostructures, nanotubes, nanowires, and manipulation and fabrication techniques. The core of the book consists of ten lectures by five distinguished researchers, Paul Alivisatos, D.D. Awschalom, Sumio Iijima, Charles Lieber and Phaedon Avouris, presented at an Advanced Study Institute in Hong Kong in January 1999. It should interest materials physicists and chemists as well as materials scientists with an interest in the growth and characterisation of sophisticated materials.
Preface. Section 1: metal and Semiconductor Nanostructures. Semiconductor Nanocrystal Colloids. Injection and Transport of Spin Coherence in Semiconductors. Synthesis of Nanowires from Laser Ablation. Level Spacing in Small Clusters. A Phenomenological Model of Percolating Magnetic Nanostructures. Structure of nc-Si:H Films. Nano-Oxidation Kinetics of Titanium Nitride Films. Origin of Enhanced Photoluminescence in Si-Covered POPS. Spin Split Cyclotron Resonance in GaAs Quantum Wells. The Effect of Intermixing on Tensile-Strained Barriers GaAs/GaAsP Quantum Well Structure. Section 2: Carbon Nanostructures. Carbon Nanotubes: Interactions, Manipulation Electrical Properties and Devices. Mono-Sized Carbon Nanotubes in AFI Crystal. Preparation and Properties of Processible Polyacetylene-Wrapped Carbon Nanotubes. Electronic Structure of the Endohedral Metallofullerence Lu@C82. Localized-Density-Matrix Methods, and its Application to Carbon Nanotubes. CuC60 Interaction and Nano-composite Structures. Section 3: Functional Nanostructured Materials. Microstructures Particles for Electomagnetorheological (EMR) Application. Energy Barrier in the Quantum Nanomagnet: Mn12. The Percolation Model - the Tribological Mechaanism of Nanoparticle Filled Polymer Composites. Tribological Properties of Self-Assembled Monolayers. Nanosized Rare Earth Activated Phosphors. Properties of Co/Al2O3/Co Tunnel Junction with Co Nanoparticles Embedded in AL2O3. Investigations of GaN Blue Laser Semiconductor. Section 4: Nanocomposites. Layer-by-Layer Assembly: A Way for Multicomposite Ultrathin Films. Sol-Gel Preparation and luminescence Properties of Nano-structured Hybrid Materials Incorporated with Europium Complexes. Preparation of Narrowly Distributed Novel Stable and Soluble Polyacetylene Nanoparticles. Liquid Crystalline Behaviour of Polystyrene/Clay Nanocomposite. Luminscent Properties of Nano-structured Monolith Containing Rare Earth Complexes. Alternating LB Film of Ferric Oxide Nanoparticl