Piezoelectric Materials and Devices: Applications in Engineering and Medical Sciences, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Piezoelectric Materials and Devices

Applications in Engineering and Medical Sciences, 1st Edition

By M. S. Vijaya

CRC Press

186 pages | 113 B/W Illus.

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Piezoelectric Materials and Devices: Applications in Engineering and Medical Sciences provides a complete overview of piezoelectric materials, covering all aspects of the materials starting from fundamental concepts. The treatment includes physics of piezoelectric materials, their characteristics and applications. The author uses simple language to explain the theory of piezoelectricity and introduce readers to the properties and design of different types of piezoelectric materials, such as those used in engineering and medical device applications.

This book:

  • Introduces various types of dielectrics and their classification based on their characteristics
  • Addresses the mathematical formulation of piezoelectric effects and the definition of various piezoelectric constants
  • Describes the structure and properties of practical piezoelectric materials such as quartz, lead zirconate titanate, barium titanate, zinc oxide, and polyvinylidene fluoride
  • Covers the entire gamut of piezoelectric devices used in engineering and medical applications
  • Discusses briefly the use of piezoelectric materials for energy harvesting and structural health monitoring
  • Explores new developments in biomedical applications of piezoelectric devices such as drug delivery, blood flow and blood pressure monitoring, robotic operating tools, etc.
  • Elaborates on design and virtual prototyping of piezoelectric devices through the use of FE software tools ANSYS and PAFEC

Giving design engineers, scientists, and technologists the information and guidance they will need to adopt piezoelectric materials in the development of smart devices, this book will also motivate engineering and science students to initiate new research for developing innovative devices. Its contents will be invaluable to both students and professionals seeking a greater understanding of fundamentals and applications in the evolving field of piezoelectrics.

Table of Contents


Classification of Dielectric Materials

Important Dielectric Parameters

Electrostrictive Effect

Piezoelectric Effect

Pyroelectric Effect

Ferroelectric Materials


Applications of Ferroelectric Materials

Piezoelectric Characteristics

Piezoelectric Coefficients

Tensor Form of Piezoelectric Equations

Independent Components of Piezoelectric, Elastic, and Dielectric Matrices

Generator and Motor Actions of Piezoelectric Materials

Strain versus Electric Field in Piezoelectric Materials

Piezoelectric Coupling Coefficient k

Dynamic Behaviour of a Piezoelectric Material

Piezoelectric Materials


Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT)

Fabrication of PZT

Polymer Piezoelectric Materials

Other Piezoelectric Materials

Composite Piezoelectric Materials

Engineering Applications of Piezoelectric Materials

Gas Lighter

Pressure Sensor


Piezoelectric Gyroscope–Angular Rate Sensors

Piezoelectric Microphone

Piezoelectric Ultrasonic Transducers for Sound Navigation and Ranging (SONAR)

Piezoelectric Tactile Sensor

Energy Harvesting

Piezoelectric Electronic Buzzer and Tweeter

Piezoelectric Actuators

Piezoelectric Motor

Piezoelectric Micro Pump

Piezoelectric Ultrasonic Drill

Ultrasonic Cleaner

Quartz Crystal Oscillator

Quartz Crystal Balance

Quartz Tuning Fork in Atomic Force Microscope

Piezoelectric Transformer

Nondestructive Testing (NDT) of Materials Using Ultrasonics

Noise and Vibration Control

Structural Health Monitoring

Piezoelectric Sensors and Actuators in Smart Systems and Robots

Medical Applications of Piezoelectric Materials

Blood Pressure Monitor

Piezoelectric Heartbeat Monitor

Piezoelectric Tactile Sensor—Endoscopic Grasper and Minimal Invasive Surgical Instrument

Piezoelectric Accelerometer—Monitoring Patient Activity and Detecting Tremors

Piezoelectric Pump—Drug Delivery and Biomedical Analyses

Ultrasonic Imaging

Bone Density Measurement Using Ultrasound

Ablation of Tumour Cells Using High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU)

Ultrasound for Drug Delivery

Ultrasonic-Induced Transdermal Drug Delivery

Phaco Emulsification—Cataract Surgery

Therapeutic Ultrasound—Treatment of Injury, Muscular Pain, and Bone Fracture

Modelling and Virtual Prototyping of Piezoelectric Devices Using Finite Element Software Tools

Finite Element Method

Theory of Coupled Field Finite Element Analysis for Piezoelectric Structure

Introduction to FE Analysis of Piezoelectric Devices Using a Software Tool

Examples of FE Analyses of Piezoelectric Devices

About the Author

Dr. M.S. Vijaya has a Ph.D. from Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore and more than 30 years of teaching experience in material sciences, with a string of projects on piezoelectric materials and ultrasonic transducers.

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