Piping and Pipeline Engineering: Design, Construction, Maintenance, Integrity, and Repair, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Piping and Pipeline Engineering

Design, Construction, Maintenance, Integrity, and Repair, 1st Edition

By George A. Antaki

CRC Press

564 pages

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pub: 2003-05-28
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Description

Taking a big-picture approach, Piping and Pipeline Engineering: Design, Construction, Maintenance, Integrity, and Repair elucidates the fundamental steps to any successful piping and pipeline engineering project, whether it is routine maintenance or a new multi-million dollar project. The author explores the qualitative details, calculations, and techniques that are essential in supporting competent decisions. He pairs coverage of real world practice with the underlying technical principles in materials, design, construction, inspection, testing, and maintenance.

Discover the seven essential principles that will help establish a balance between production, cost, safety, and integrity of piping systems and pipelines

The book includes coverage of codes and standards, design analysis, welding and inspection, corrosion mechanisms, fitness-for-service and failure analysis, and an overview of valve selection and application. It features the technical basis of piping and pipeline code design rules for normal operating conditions and occasional loads and addresses the fundamental principles of materials, design, fabrication, testing and corrosion, and their effect on system integrity.

Table of Contents

CODES, STANDARDS AND PRACTICE

A Brief History of Piping Technology

National Codes, Standards and Guides

Piping and Pipeline Codes

Scope of ASME B31 Codes

Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code

Federal and State Laws

ASME Council on Codes and Standards

ASME B16 Standards

API Standards and Recommended Practices

Manufacturers Standardization Society

Pipe Fabrication Institute Standards

American Institute of Steel Construction

American Concrete Institute

NACE

Material Institutes

National Board

Flow Control Institute Standard

Hydraulic Institute Pump Standards

References

FUNDAMENTALS

Competence

At the Engineering Level

At the Corporate Level

MATERIALS

Introduction: A Good Pastry

Ferrous Pipe

Non-Ferrous Pipe

Fabrication of Steel Pipe

Fabrication of Pipe Fittings and Components

Mechanical Properties

Procurement

References

INTERNAL PRESSURE

Pressure Design of Piping

Pressure Design of Plant Piping

Yield and Burst Pressure

Pressure Design of Plastic Pipe

Pressure Rating

Pressure Stress in Fittings

High Pressure Design

Design Pressure

Over-Pressure Protection

Burst Energy

Pipe Specification

Valve Specification

References

EXTERNAL PRESSURE

Buckling Pressure

ASME Code Design

References

LAYOUT AND SUPPORTS

Spacing of Pipe Supports

Sustained Stress

Stress Indices

Design Standards

Selection of Pipe Supports

Design of Standard Support

Design of Steel Frames

Anchorage to Concrete

Layout Rules of Good Practice

References

FLEXIBILITY AND FATIGUE

Layout for Flexibility

Simplified Flexibility Analysis

Fatigue

Smooth Specimen Fatigue

Pipe Component Fatigue

Fatigue Strength of Socket Welds

Fatigue Strength of Butt Welds

ASME B31 Fatigue Rules

Fracture Mechanics Approach

Corrosion Fatigue

Shakedown

Cold Spring

Through-Wall Temperatures

Creep Damage

Pipe Insulation

Expansion Joints

References

VIBRATION

Root Cause

Mechanically Induced Vibration

Vibration Analysis

Hydraulic Induced Vibration

Measuring Vibration

Assessing Vibration Severity

Prevention and Mitigation

References

FLUID TRANSIENTS

Single Liquid Phase

Two-Phase Vapor-Liquid Waterhammer

Non-Condensable Two-Phase Waterhammer

Stress Analysis

References

WIND DESIGN

Wind Damage

Wind Pressure

Vortex Shedding

Wind-Borne Missiles

References

SEISMIC DESIGN AND RETROFIT

The Seismic Challenge

Seismic Specification

Rules of Good Practice

Seismic Analysis Techniques

Seismic Input Based on IBC

Seismic Response Spectra

Seismic Qualification

Shake Table Testing

Seismic Interactions

References

EXPLOSIONS

Deflagration and Detonation

Dynamic Loads

Dynamic Properties

Pressure Limits

Design Criteria

Explosion Protection

External Explosions

References

SUBSEA PIPELINES

Subsea Pipeline Safety

Design Process

Internal Pressure

External Pressure

Pipe Lowering

On-Bottom Stability

Pipeline Flotation

Fatigue Design

Hook and Pull

References

BURIED PIPE

To Bury or not to Bury

Internal Pressure

Soil Loads

Surface Loads

Thermal Expansion and Contraction

Ground Movement

Seismic

References

WELDING

Shop and Field Welding

Welding Processes

Weld Defects

Codes, Standards and Practice

Post-Weld Heat Treatment

In-Service Welding

Surfacing Techniques

References

EXAMINATION

Visual Examination

Magnetic Particles Testing

Liquid Penetrant Testing

Radiographic Testing

Ultrasonic Testing

Eddy Current Testing

Acoustic Emission Testing

Thermography

Measurement Accuracy

Type and Extent of Examinations

Acceptance Criteria

Personnel Certification

Pipeline Pigs

References

PIPE FLANGE

Flange Standards

Flange Types

Flange Gaskets

Flange Faces

Flange Ratings

Flange Bolt Torque

External Loads

Assembly of Pipe Flanges

Nuts and Bolts

Maintenance

References

MECHANICAL JOINTS

What they Are

Swage Firings

Grooved Fittings

In Conclusion

LEAK AND PRESSURE TEST

Leak Test and Pressure Test 3

Leak and Pressure Test Methods

Choice of Test Method

Conduct of Test

Isolation

Locating Leaks Underground

References

DEGRADATION IN SERVICE

A Critical Decision

General Corrosion

Galvanic Corrosion

Erosion Corrosion

Environmental Effects

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

High Temperature Effects

Mechanical Damage

Lining and Coating

Corrosion Inhibitors

Material Selection

References

FITNESS-FOR-SERVICE

Fitness-for-Service

Wall Thinning

Crack Flaws

Mechanical Damage

References

MAINTENANCE, RELIABILITY AND FAILURE ANALYSIS

Case History

Maintenance Objective

Maintenance Plan

Maintenance Strategies

Corrective Maintenance

Failure Modes

Pro-Active Maintenance

PDM Techniques

Reliability

Maintenance and the Construction Codes

Elements of Failure Analysis

References

REPAIR TECHNIQUES

Repair Strategy

Replacement

Grinding Out Defects

Weld Overlay

Full Encirclement Sleeve

Fillet Welded Patch

Flush Welded Patch

Welded Leak Box

Mechanical Clamp

Composite Overwrap

Buried Pipe Rehabilitation

Brushed and Sprayed Lining and Coating

Pipe Straightening

References

PLASTIC PIPE

Plastic Form

Size

Chemical Resistance

Physical and Mechanical Properties

Pressure Design

Pressure Cycling Fatigue

Pressure Design of Fittings

Support Spacing

Fabrication and Examination

Bonding Qualification

References

VALVES

Overview

Gate Valves

Globe Valves

Plug Valves

Ball Valves

Butterfly Valves

Diaphragm Valves

Check Valves

Safety and Relief Valves

Control Valves

Sizing Gas Control Valves

Valve Actuators

Closure Test

References

APPENDIX STANDARD PIPE SIZES

INDEX

About the Series

Mechanical Engineering

A Series of Textbooks and Reference Books

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General