Piracy, Pillage, and Plunder in Antiquity explores appropriation in its broadest terns in the ancient world, from brigands, mercenaries and state-sponsored "piracy", to literary appropriation and the modern plundering of antiquities.
The chronological extent of the studies in this volume, written by an international group of experts, ranges from about 2000 BCE to the 20th century. The geographical spectrum in similarly diverse, encompassing Africa, the Mediterranean, and Mesopotamia, allowing readers to track this phenomenon in various different manifestations. Predatory behaviour is a phenomenon seen in all walks of life. While violence may often be concomitant it is worth observing that predation can be extremely nuanced in its application, and it is precisely this gradation and its focus that occupies the essential issue in this volume.
Piracy, Pillage, and Plunder in Antiquity will be of great interest to those studying a range of topics in antiquity, including literature and art, cities and their foundations, crime, warfare, and geography.
Table of Contents
Clifford Ando: Piracy, Pillage and Plunder in Antiquity: An Introduction
1 Seth Richardson
By the Hand of a Robber: States, Mercenaries and Bandits in Middle Bronze Age Mesopotamia
2 Matthew Trundle
The Limits of Nationalism: Brigandage: Piracy and Mercenary Service in Fourth Century BCE Athens
3 Richard Evans
Piracy and Pseudo-Piracy in Classical Syracuse: Financial Replenishment through Outsourcing, Sacking Temples and Forced Migrations
4 Alex McAuley
Terra cognita sed vacua?: (Re-)Appropriating Territory through Hellenistic City Foundations
5 Roman Roth
The Colonisation of Pontiae (313 BC), Piracy and the Nature of Rome’s Maritime Expansion before the First Punic War
6 Aaron L. Beek
Campaigning against Pirate Mercenaries: A Very Roman Strategy?
7 Stephen Harrison
Pirating Pastoral Poverty: Poetics in Tibullus 1.1
8 John Hilton
The revolt of the boukoloi, class and contemporary fiction in Achilles Tatius' Leucippe and Clitophon
9 Martine De Marre
‘Bad Girls’?: Collective Violence by Women and the Case of the Circumcellions in Roman North Africa
10 Eve MacDonald and Sandra Bingham
Piracy, Plunder and the Legacy of Archaeological Research in North Africa
11 Liliana Carrick-Tappeiner
Spoils of Empire: Rider Haggard’s Appropriation of the katabasis motif in King Solomon’s Mines
Richard Evans and Martine De Marre: Epilogue
Index of Ancient Sources
Richard Evans has taught at the University of South Africa, Pretoria, and at Cardiff University, UK. Most recently he has been a Visiting Researcher and Research Fellow in the Department of Biblical and Ancient Studies at the University of South Africa. He is the author of a number of monographs, of which the most recent are Fields of Death: Retracing Ancient Battlefields (2013), Fields of Battle: Retracing Ancient Battlefields (2015) and Ancient Syracuse: From Foundation to Fourth Century Collapse (2016). He has also edited Mass and Elite in the Greek and Roman Worlds: From Sparta to Late Antiquity (2017). He is currently an Academic Associate at the University of South Africa.
Martine De Marre is an Associate Professor of Ancient History in the Department of Biblical and Ancient Studies at the University of South Africa. Her research to date has focused on social and cultural history of Roman North Africa during the entire period of antiquity up to the wars of Justinian, particularly in interpreting the role of women. The latter has also been the focus of studies on the literary sources of Late Antiquity, such as the works of Augustine, Fulgentius and Corippus.