Plant Gum Exudates of the World: Sources, Distribution, Properties, and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Plant Gum Exudates of the World

Sources, Distribution, Properties, and Applications, 1st Edition

By Amos Nussinovitch

CRC Press

427 pages | 192 Color Illus. | 38 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2009-12-21
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Description

Plant Gum Exudates of the World: Sources, Distributions, Properties, and Applications is the most extensive collection of plant gum exudates in print, containing information on both well-established exudates and newer ones. It not only introduces an array of exudates never before described or reviewed, but also classifies gums according to their botanical taxonomy. This readily accessible book also supplies color plates of exudates in their natural environment along with relevant botanical parts.

Each entry includes:

  • Botanical name
  • Common and vernacular gum names
  • Geographical distribution information
  • Appearance and color descriptions
  • Water solubility information
  • Chemical characteristics
  • Structural features
  • Physical and physicochemical properties
  • Commercial availability
  • Industrial and food applications
  • Synonyms of and uses for the producing tree or shrub

Reviews

"The catalogue begins with the widely used gum arabic, from the genus Acacia (Fabaceae) and gum tragacanth from Astragalus (Fabaceae) and Sterculia (Malvaceae), but later changes to ordering by region - Asiatic, New World and miscellaneous. Taxa are described in terms of, for example, their distribution in the world, the charactenstIcs of the plant and the exudate, and its commercial uses and economic importance. There are many photographs of plants and gums, mostly of high quality, and some reproduced fine drawings of plants."

—G. R. Squire, in The Journal of Experimental Agriculture, Vol. 46/4, 2010

"This book will surely become the definitive reference for the vast array of gums and resins of diverse origin which have been known from historical times and have continued to emerge over the years. The exudate-bearing trees are distributed all over the world, in different climates and continents. The various names by which they are known and the different classification systems adopted have presented a major problem to the student and researcher. Now we have a uniform classification system based on botanical taxonomy which have been checked and standardised to accord with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Germoplasm Resource Information Network. It is a massive step forward for which countless researchers will thank the author."

—Glyn O. Phillips, Phillips Hydrocolloids Research Ltd, in Food Hydrocolloids, 2011

"The author reached his goal: this book is definitely the most complete work on the subject."

—Esther Katz, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement Brasilia, in Economic Botany, Vol. 65, 2011

Table of Contents

Role and Sources of Exudate Gums

Introduction

Definitions

Gum Yields

Agricultural Issues

Physical Properties of Gums

Chemical Properties

Commercial Assessments of Gums

Industrial and Other Uses

References

Physiological Aspects of Polysaccharide Formation in Plants

Introduction

Stress Factors, Ethylene and Gummosis

Borers and Gum Formation

Gum Ducts

Gummosis in Fruit Trees

Induced Inoculation and Gum Yield

References

Major Plant Exudates of the World

Introduction

Gum Arabic and Other Acacia Gums

Gum Tragacanth and Similar Gums

Important Indian or Asiatic Gums and Their Botanical Sources

Gums of the New World

Miscellaneous Asiatic, African, and Australian Gums

References

Minor Plant Exudates of the World

Introduction

Adansonia Malvaceae (subfamily: Bombacoideae)

Adenanthera Fabaceae (subfamily: Mimosoideae)

Afzelia Fabaceae (subfamily: Caesalpinioideae)

Albizia Fabaceae

Anogeissus Combretaceae

Atalaya Sapindaceae (subfamily: Sapindoideae)

Balsamocitrus Rutaceae (subfamily: Aurantioideae)

Bauhinia Fabaceae

Julbernardia Fabaceae (subfamily: Caesalpinioideae)

Bombax Malvaceae (subfamily: Bombacoideae)

Borassus Arecaceae (subfamily: Coryphoideae)

Bosistoa Rutaceae (subfamily: Toddalioideae)

Brachystegia Fabaceae (subfamily: Caesalpinioideae)

Burkea Fabaceae (subfamily: Caesalpinioideae)

Capparis Capparaceae

Careya Lecythidaceae (subfamily: Planchonioideae)

Cassia Fabaceae (subfamily: Caesalpinioideae)

Cedrela Meliaceae

Ceiba Malvaceae (subfamily: Bombacoideae)

Ceratopetalum Cunoniaceae

Chukrasia Meliaceae

Citrus Rutaceae

Cocos Arecaceae (subfamily: Arecoideae)

Cola Sterculiaceae

Combretum Combretaceae

Cordia Boraginaceae (subfamily: Cordioideae)

Cordyla Fabaceae (subfamily: Faboideae)

Corypha Arecaceae (subfamily: Coryphoideae)

Crataeva Capparaceae

Cussonia Araliaceae

Cycas Cycadaceae

Dichrostachys Fabaceae (subfamily: Mimosoideae)

Echinocarpus Elaeocarpaceae

Elaeocarpus Elaeocarpaceae

Encephalartos Zamiaceae

Entada Fabaceae (subfamily: Mimosoideae)

Erythrophleum Fabaceae (subfamily: Caesalpinioideae)

Flindersia Rutaceae

Garuga Burseraceae

Geijera Rutaceae

Geodorum Orchidaceae

Hakea Proteaceae

Khaya Meliaceae

Lagerstroemia Lythraceae

Lannea Anacardiaceae

Macrozamia Zamiaceae

Melia Meliaceae

Melicope Rutaceae

Moringa Moringaceae

Owenia Meliaceae

Panax (Tieghemopanax) Araliaceae

Saltera Penaeaceae

Pentaceras Rutaceae

Prunus Rosaceae

Pseudocedrela Meliaceae

Saccopetalum Annonaceae

Sarcostemma Asclepiadaceae

Schefflera Araliaceae

Sclerocarya Anacardiaceae

Semecarpus Anacardiaceae

Sloanea Elaeocarpaceae

Soymida Meliaceae

Tamarindus Fabaceae (subfamily: Caesalpinioideae)

Heritiera Malvaceae

Terminalia Combretaceae

Thevetia Apocynaceae

Virgilia Fabaceae (subfamily: Faboideae)

Food Applications of Plant Exudates

Introduction

Food Uses of Gum Exudates

Gum Exudates in Animal Food

Health-Related Aspects

Gum Exudates in Water-Based Adhesives

Introduction

Gums as Adhesives

Industrial Uses of Exudate Glues

Biological Applications: A General Approach

Hydrocolloid Adhesion Tests

Exudates as Wet Glues

Adhesion Mechanisms of Hydrogels

Medical, Cosmetic and Biotechnological Uses of Gum Exudates

Introduction

Pharmacological Applications

Folk Medicine

Cosmetics and Other Products

Biotechnological Applications

Analysis and Identification of Gum Exudates

Introduction

Industrial Gums

Group Analysis and Identification Schemes

Additional Analytical Methods

Miscellaneous Uses of Plant Exudates

Introduction

Paints, Pigments and Painting

Inks

Lithography

Textiles

Corrosion Inhibition

Immersion Plating

Drilling Fluids

Oil-Well Cement

Binders and Special Coatings

Paper and E-Paper

Explosives

Ceramics

Miscellaneous

About the Author

Dr. Amos Nussinovitch works in the Biochemistry and Food Science Department on the Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he leads a large group of researchers working on theoretical and practical aspects of hydrocolloids, including coating of cells and foods, special glues and exudates patches, water-soluble polymer uses in paper, exudates preparations in cosmetics and medicine, hydrocolloid uses in explosives, ink, and special cellular solids and biological carriers.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
TEC012000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Food Science