Derived from the fourth edition of the well-known Plastics Technology Handbook, Plastics Fundamentals, Properties, and Testing covers the behavior, characterization, and evaluation of polymers. With a lucid approach and wealth of valuable information, this volume looks at the remarkable versatility of this nonmetallic class of materials.
Examining polymers at the molecular level, the book first discusses their inherent properties and how their end-use properties can be influenced through changes in the molecular architecture or incorporation of various fillers and additives. The authors coherently present a wide spectrum of topics by sequentially introducing structural aspects, properties, and applications. They then proceed to explore the mechanical, electrical, optical, and thermal properties of polymers, providing theoretical derivations where necessary as well as explanations on molecular and structural features. To identify the principles involved, the book also furnishes the bases of many standard test methods according to ASTM and BS 2782 specifications.
Table of Contents
Characteristics of Polymers
What Is a Polymer?
Molecular Weight of Polymers
Configurations of Polymer Molecules
Conformations of a Polymer Molecule
The Amorphous State
Structural Shape of Polymer Molecules
Thermal Transitions in Polymers
Designing a Polymer Structure for Improved Properties
Cross-Linking of Polymer Chains
Solubility Behavior of Polymers
Effects of Corrosives on Polymers
Thermal Stability and Flame Retardation
Deterioration of Polymers
Stabilization of Polymers
Light Stabilizers for Selected Plastics
Diffusion and Permeability
Toxicity of Plastics
Plastics Properties and Testing
Identification of Common Plastics
Conversion of Units
Index of Trade Names, Manufacturers, and Suppliers of Antioxidants
Index of Trade Names, Manufacturers, and Suppliers of Metal Deactivators
Index of Trade Names, Manufacturers, and Suppliers of Light Stabilizers
Formulations of Flame-Retarded Selected Thermoplastics
Index of Trade Names and Suppliers of Flame Retardants
Harmonic Motion of a Maxwell Model
References appear at the end of each chapter.