Police Investigative Interviews and Interpreting: Context, Challenges, and Strategies, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Police Investigative Interviews and Interpreting

Context, Challenges, and Strategies, 1st Edition

By Sedat Mulayim, Miranda Lai, Caroline Norma

CRC Press

147 pages | 5 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781482242553
pub: 2014-09-03
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Description

Police interviews with suspects and witnesses provide some of the most significant evidence in criminal investigations. Frequently challenging, they require special training and skills. This interaction process is further complicated when the suspect or witness does not speak the same language as the interviewer. A professional reference that can be used in police training or in any venue where an interpreter is used, Police Investigative Interviews and Interpreting: Context, Challenges, and Strategies provides solutions for the range of interview demands found in today’s multilingual environments.

Topics include:

  • What interpreting is, the skills required, and the role of interpreters in any job context
  • Investigative interviewing in law enforcement
  • Concerns about interpreter intervention and its impact on interview outcomes

  • The value of word-based over meaning-based interpretation in police and legal contexts
  • Nonlinguistic factors that can have an impact on the interpreting process

The book explores the multi-faceted dynamics of conducting investigative interviews via interpreters and examines current investigative interviewing paradigms. It offers strategies to help interpreters and law enforcement officers and provides examples of interpreted interview excerpts to enable understanding. Although the subject matter and the examples in this book are largely limited to police interview settings, the underlying rationale applies to other professional areas that rely on interviews to collect information, including customs procedures, employer-employee interviews, and insurance claim investigations.

This book is part of the CRC Press Advances in Police Theory and Practice Series.

Table of Contents

The Interpreting Profession

What Is Interpreting?

Interpreters Are Like

Role of Interpreter

The Interpreting Process

What Is Being Transferred Across Languages?

Lexis Across Languages—and Beyond

Classification of Meaning

Core Competence of an Interpreter

Skills Required for Interpreting

Bilingualism: Language Competence

Biculturalism: Cultural/Contextual Knowledge

Transfer Skills

Modes of Interpreting

The Professional Role of Interpreters in Legal Settings

Investigative Interviewing

The Significance of Investigative Interviews

Interviewing Skills of Police Officers

When Interpreters Are Needed

Impact of Interpreting on Questioning Strategies Used By Police

Main Features of Police Discourse

Power Asymmetry

Primary versus Secondary Reality

Lexical Choice

Produced for a Third Party

Turn-Taking

Highly Prescriptive Opening and Closing

Two Major Police Interview Models

The PEACE Model

The Reid Technique

Overview of Interpreting Challenges and Interpreter Conduct Issues

Overview of Interpreter Intervention

The Role of Professional Interpreters

Conduct Issues of Professional Interpreters

Interpreter Giving Instructions or Prodding Speaker Into Action

Managing Issues Resulting From Power Asymmetry

Linguistic Transfer Issues in Police

Interpreting and Recommended Strategies

Style of Interpreting: Free versus Literal

The Law and Words

Literal Rule

Purpose (Golden) Rule

Mischief Rule

The Power of Words

Handling Interviewer’s Rapport-Building Strategies

Misinterpreting Lexical Items/Collocations

Misinterpreting Grammatical Structures/Units

Active and Passive Sentence Structures

Definite and Indefinite Articles

Personality and Linguistic Skills: Author Profiling

Managing Speech Styles of Speakers

Other Linguistic Related and Nonlinguistic Issues in Police

Interpreting and Recommended Strategies

Managing Turn-Taking

Managing Overlapping Turns in Police Interviews

Managing Deliberate Attempts to Undermine Communication

Dealing With Nonfluency and Paralinguistic Features

Maintaining "Hedges"

Strengthening/Clarifying Answers

Hyperformality

Managing Multicomponent Questions and Answers: "Chunking" Issues

Managing Clarification

Conclusion

References

Index

About the Series

Advances in Police Theory and Practice

Presenting volumes that focus on the nexus between research and practice, the Advances in Police Theory and Practice series is geared toward those practitioners and academics seeking to implement the latest innovations in policing from across the world. This series draws from an international community of experts who examine who the police are, what they do, and how they maintain order, administer laws, and serve their communities.

The series eeditor encourages the contribution of works coauthored by police practitioners and researchers. Proposals for contributions to the series may be submitted to the series editor Dilip Das at dilipkd@aol.com.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COM053000
COMPUTERS / Security / General
LAW026000
LAW / Criminal Law / General
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science