In countries with democratic traditions, police interactions with the mentally ill are usually guided by legislative mandates giving police discretion and possibly resulting in referrals for assistance and treatment. But all too frequently, the outcome of these interactions is far less therapeutic and leads to a cycle of arrests and ultimately incarceration. Stemming from an initiative in Memphis, Tennessee two decades ago, police departments in many parts of the world have set up specific programs with crisis intervention teams to facilitate police contact with the mentally ill. Policing and the Mentally Ill: International Perspectives examines how these types of programs have fared in jurisdictions across the world.
The book begins with developments in North America and Europe—traditionally the locus of much of the innovation and change in policing and related areas. It demonstrates how a number of jurisdictions in Europe have only recently begun to recognize therapeutic intervention with the mentally ill as a priority issue, and still frequently suffer from a lack of significant resources. The largest section of the book focuses on Australia, where local law enforcement agencies have displayed a remarkable enthusiasm for and commitment to change in their management of interactions with citizens with mental illness. Finally, the book examines the particular challenges of providing humane and effective policing for persons with mental illnesses in parts of the developing world. These challenges often involve dealing with entrenched cultural beliefs and practices based on superstition, fear, and prejudice regarding persons thought to be mentally ill.
Interactions between police and persons with mental illnesses comprise an important and sensitive aspect of everyday policing. The 16 chapters in this book offer a wide range of cross-cultural perspectives on this essential aspect of policing, enabling police practitioners to
Table of Contents
Developments in North America and Europe. Developing a Statewide Approach to Specialised Policing Response (SPR) Programme Implementation. Improving Relationships Between Police and People With Mental Illnesses: Canadian Developments. European Police and Persons With Mental Illnesses: A Review of the Contemporary Literature. Developments in Australia. NSW Police Force Mental Health Intervention Team: Forging a New Path Forward in Mental Health and Policing in the Community. The Mental Health Intervention Program: Preventing and Resolving Mental Health Crisis Situations. Core Requirements of a Best Practise Model for Police Encounters Involving People Experiencing Mental Illness in Australia: A Victorian Perspective. Policing and the Mentally Ill: Victimisation and Offending in Severe Mental Illness. The Role of Mental Disorders in Use of Force Incidents Between the Police and the Public. Dragana Kesic Mental Health Crisis Interventions and the Politics of Police Use of Deadly Force. Mental Health Frequent Presenters: Key Concerns, Case Management Approaches, and Policy and Programme Considerations for Emergency Services. Compounding Mental and Cognitive Disability and Disadvantage: Legal Myth Busting and Frontline Mental Health Decision Making. Police Officer Mental Illness, Suicide, and the Effects of a Policing Organisation. The Developing World. Community Policing and People With Mental Disorders: Responding to Developing World Challenges in Papua New Guinea. Reflections on Policing and Mental Health in Africa: Integrating and Regulating Diverse Healing and Policing Systems. Policing and Mentally Ill Persons in Hong Kong. Index.
Duncan Chappell, a lawyer and criminologist, is currently an adjunct professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of Sydney, Australia; a conjoint professor in the School of Psychiatry in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of New South Wales, Australia; and an adjunct professor in the School of Criminology at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada. He is also chair of the International Advisory Board of the Australian Research Council Center of Excellence in Policing and Security. He is a past president of the New South Wales Mental Health Review Tribunal and a past director of the Australian Institute of Criminology.