Policing in Hong Kong: History and Reform, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Policing in Hong Kong

History and Reform, 1st Edition

By Kam C. Wong

CRC Press

544 pages | 2 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2015-03-06
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Description

The HKP (Hong Kong Police), ‘Asia’s Finest’, is a battle-tested professional organization with strong leadership, competent staff, and deep culture. It is also a continuously learning and reforming agency in pursuit of organisational excellence. Policing in Hong Kong: History and Reform is the first and only book on the development of the Hong Kong Police from an inside out and bottom up perspective. Written by a scholar and veteran of the HKP, it is an amalgamation of indigenous theory and supporting data.

Part One begins by describing the development of police studies in Hong Kong as an emerging field since the 1990s. It supplies an analytical and empirical construct of colonial policing as well as a theoretical assessment. It discusses the nature, topologies, conduct, impact, and assessment of police reform. The book demonstrates how colonial policing in Hong Kong and elsewhere takes on the community’s local color and hue in practice. Colonial policing in Hong Kong is "policing with Chinese characteristics."

Part Two tracks the history of the HKP’s formation in the 1840s and examines how colonial policing in Hong Kong has changed over time. It describes the HKP’s four distinctive reform periods: the formation period (1845), the reorganisation period (1872), the modernisation period (1950s), and finally, the decolonisation period (1990s). It argues that HKP reform in the1950s was the pivotal point in transforming the HKP from a colonial force into a civil one by way of localisation, legalisation, modernisation, communalisation, and organisation.

Overall, the book questions previously accepted colonial history, and in doing so, contributes to our understanding of challenges and opportunities facing HKP after the reversion of political authority from England to China.

Table of Contents

COLONIAL POLICING WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS

Study of Policing in Hong Kong

Introduction

Focus and Organisation

Police Study in Hong Kong: A Brief History

Research Output

Studying Policing in Hong Kong: Problems and Issues

Conclusion

Endnotes

Debating Colonial Policing

Introduction

Concept of Colonial Policing

Deconstructing Colonial Policing

A: Colonial Police in Multiple Forms

B: Colonial Policing as 'People' Policing

C. Colonial Policing as 'Pluralistic' Policing

D. Colonial Policing as 'Collaborative' Policing

E: Colonial Policing as 'Discretionary' Policing

F: Colonial Policing as 'More or Less' Governmental Control

True Nature of Colonial Policing

Conclusion

Endnotes

Assessing Colonial Policing

Introduction

Framework of Analysis

A Cultural Model of Analysis

Theoretical Assessing of the HKP: Colonial Policing and Political Legitimacy

Introduction

The Debate

Hong Kong People Can Define Legitimacy Differently

Hong Kong People Can Accept 'Colonial Policing' without Legitimacy

Cross-Cultural Law Enforcement

A Chinese Legitimacy Test

Empirical Assessment: HKP Chinese Officers on HKP

Introduction

Confucianism and HKP Free Speech

Research Data Overview

On Wisdom of Colonial Rule

Concluding Thoughts

Conclusion

Endnotes

Policing with Hong Kong Characteristics

Introduction

Colonial Policing as Policing Chinese

Colonial Policing as Chinese Policing

Colonial Policing as Self-Help Policing

Chinese Theory of Self-Help

Discussion

Application

Colonial Policing as Policing Migrant

Colonial Policing as Relationship (Guanxi) Policing

Juvenile versus Adult Debate

Terrorist versus Criminal Controversy

Policing Relationship: Strangers versus Intimates

Relationship Policing: Rural versus Urban

Conclusion

Endnotes

POLICE REFORM IN 1950s

Police Reform Literature

Introduction

Police Reform

Typologies of Police Reform

Forces of Change

How to Conduct Police Reform?

Accountable to What, Whom and How?

Impact of Police Reform

How to Assess HKP Reform?

HKP Reform Inquiries

Conclusion

Endnotes

Policing in Colonial Hong Kong

Introduction

Policing with Colonial Characteristics

Historical Developments of the HKP

Colonial Policing: Continuity and Change

Inspector Quincey (1870-1890)

CIP Reynolds (1910-1932)

Chief Inspector Andrew (1912-1938)

Police Reformers

Conclusion

Endnotes

Formation of Hong Kong Police in the 1840s

Introduction

Crimes in Hong Kong

Crime Control Measures

Policing in Hong Kong

Formation of Hong Kong Police Force: The Legal Framework

The Legal Framework

The Police Laws and Role of HKP

Police Leadership and Policing in Hong Kong

Conclusion

Endnotes

HKP Reform in the 1950s: Context and Framework

Introduction

Research Data

Contexts of Reform

Direction of Reform

Process and Measures of Reform

Decolonisation

Localisation

Conclusion

Endnotes

HKP Reform: The 1950s

Introduction

Localisation

Legalisation

Modernisation

Self-Promotion of HKP

Communalisation

Organisation

Bureaucratisation

HKP Voices

Conclusion

Intellectual Challenge

Analytical Framework Proposed: Methodological Individualism

Chief Inspector Anthony Annieson (1956-1978)

Themes and Contributions

Future Research

Endnotes

About the Author

Professor Kam C. Wong teaches at the Department of Criminal Justice, Xavier University, Cincinnati, Ohio, where he once was a chairperson. Concurrently, he is a faculty fellow at the School of Criminal Justice, SUNY–Albany, New York. An Inspector of Police with the Hong Kong Police, Dr. Wong was awarded the Commissioner’s High Commendation. Currently, he is an Honorary Fellow at the Center for Criminology at Hong Kong University. Professor Wong is a legal consultant to the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada on Chinese law issues; an expert consultant to U.K. Beirut Police Integrity Workshop, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime; an expert observer at the United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders; and an expert consultant to HKP and Ministry of Public Security, People’s Republic of China.

About the Series

Advances in Police Theory and Practice

Presenting volumes that focus on the nexus between research and practice, the Advances in Police Theory and Practice series is geared toward those practitioners and academics seeking to implement the latest innovations in policing from across the world. This series draws from an international community of experts who examine who the police are, what they do, and how they maintain order, administer laws, and serve their communities.

The series eeditor encourages the contribution of works coauthored by police practitioners and researchers. Proposals for contributions to the series may be submitted to the series editor Dilip Das at dilipkd@aol.com.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW026000
LAW / Criminal Law / General
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science