A typical image of the making and administration of policy suggests that it takes place on an incremental basis, involving public servants, their ministers and, to a more limited extent, a variety of interest groups. Yet, much policy making is based on similar policy developed in other jurisdictions and in the major international organizations such as the WTO and the OECD. In other words, significant aspects of nationally developed policies are copied from elsewhere in what is described as a process of policy transfer and learning.
Hence, studies of policy transfer have pointed to a distinct limitation in most existing theoretical and empirical explanations as to how policy is made and implemented through their neglect of the role of policy transfer and learning. Moreover, policy transfer is not only a concern of academics, but a growing concern for governments. The latter are concerned to improve the performance of their policy and several have placed a greater, more systematic focus on policy transfer as a means to increasing performance.
This book presents a variety of cases from differing national and international contexts that enable a valuable, comparative analysis that is absent from most literature currently available and that suggest a number of exciting research directions with implications for policy making, transference and implementation in the future.
Table of Contents
Introduction (Peter Carroll and Richard Common) Part I: Degrees of Transfer and Their Determinants 1. When Policy Diffusion does not lead to Policy Transfer: Explaining Resistance to International Learning in Public Management Reform (Richard Common) 2. Policy Transfer and Local Government Performance Improvement Regimes (Sandra Nutley, James Downe, Steve Martin and Clive Grace) 3. Low Impact Development - The Transfer that was Not?: How the Federal Relationship in the Area of Environmental Protection Facilitates Innovation but Mitigates against Transfer (David P. Dolowitz) 4. Policy Transfer in New Democracies: Challenges for Public Administration (Riin Kruusenberg and Tiina Randma-Liiv) 5. Why can’t you Lead a Horse to Water and make it Drink?: The Learning Oriented Transfer of Health Sector Decentralization Reforms and Bureaucratic Interests in Malawi (Richard I.C. Tambulasi) Part II: New Developments in Transfer and Learning 6. Sources of Transfer: The Case of Accession to International Organizations (Peter Carroll) 7. Borrowing from the Neighbours: Policy Transfer to Tackle Climate Change in the Australian Federation (Robyn Hollander) 8. "These are the People You Need to Talk to": The Role of Non-State Organizations in International Policy Transfer to Ireland’s Official Languages Act (2003) (Clare Rigg, Muiris Ó Laoire and Vasiliki Georgiou) 9. Contested Policy Transfer: When Chile's 'Programa de Mejoramiento de la Gestión' Travelled to Mexico (Mauricio Dussauge-Laguna) Conclusions (Peter Carroll and Richard Common)
Peter Carroll is Professor in the Faculty of Business at the University of Tasmania, Australia. He is the co-editor of Regulating International Business (2008, Pearson Prentice Hall) and co-author of An Introduction to the Creative Economy (2007, McGraw-Hill)
Richard Common is Senior Lecturer at Manchester Business School, UK. He has written articles recently published in Public Management Review, International Review of Administrative Sciences and Public Administration and Development and his main teaching interests are public management in general and HRM and change management in particular